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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 7/8/2012)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 9/10/2015)

Revised for the Flora palaestina by U. Plitmann

Area distribution:

About 700 species, mainly in the northern hemisphere, particularly in SW. Asia. One of the richer genera in our Flora.    


    Literature : Rohrbach P., Monographie. der Gattung Silene, Leipzig (1868). Williams F.N., A revision of the genus Silene, Journ. Linn. Soc. Lond. Bot. 32: 1-196 (1896). Chowdhuri P.K., Studies in the genus Silene, Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 22: 221-278 (1957).

Silene makmeliana Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. Pl. Orient. ser. 1, 8: 89 (1849) & Fl. Orient. 1: 641 (1867). Type: in Lebanon: Libano supra Cedretum, Boissier (G-BOIS). Hab.: Upper Jordan Valley (Kinrot Valley). (collected by: Täckholm, Laham & Boulos S.E. of Lake Kinnerett, Candollea 32: 271, 1977). Area: E. Mediterranean (Endemic to Lebanon and Syria). This taxon was reported to be collected once near the Sea of Galilee. It has never been found since hence its occurrence in our flora is doubtful.    

Two more species of Silene have been found on Mt. Hermon: S. odontopetala Fenzl and S. stenobotrys Boiss. & Hausskn. Both perennial and rather rare.


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Annual or perennial herbs or dwarf-shrubs. Leaves opposite, entire, exstipulate. Flowers hermaphrodite, rarely unisexual, in cymose inflorescences or solitary. Calyx gamose¬palous, usually tubular, mostly 10- but sometimes also 20-, 30- or 60-nerved; teeth 5. Petals 5, rarely 0, white, red, pink, purple or green, rarely yellow, long-clawed; limb entire to lobed, usually 2-fid; coronal scales usually present between limb and claw, sometimes rudimentary or 0. Stamens 10, unequal. Ovary mostly 3(-5)-celled at base, 1-celled in upper part, many-ovuled; styles usually 3, alternating with sepals. Capsule often borne on a carpophore, rarely sessile, oblong to spherical, dehiscing by 6 (-10) teeth. Seeds more or less reniform.


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