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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 7/29/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 7/29/2013)
Species Justicia adhatoda L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. PI. 15. 1753.
Note TYPE: Ceylon, from cultivation
Description Shrub to 1.25 m tall; stems subquadrangular, with dense golden yellow, strigose or pilose hairs in the young portions. Leaves elliptic, 7-17 cm long, 2.5-8 cm wide, apically acuminate with rounded tips, basally attenuate, sparingly strigose to strigose above, strigose beneath, more dense at the costa above and beneath making the costa appear golden yellow, drying dark green above some- times with a reddish brown cast, light green beneath; petioles 0.5 to 2.5 cm long, pubescence as on the stem. Inflorescences in compact terminal and axillary spikes to 6 cm long and 2 cm wide; bracts obovate to ovate, often asymmetrical, to 1.7 cm long and 1 cm wide, apically obtuse to acute, glandular puberulous on both surfaces, drying mostly to a dark reddish brown, ciliate; bracteoles elliptic oblong, to 12 mm long and 3 mm wide; rachis densely pilose glandular; peduncle 5-15 mm long, pubescence as on the stem. Flowers sessile, calyx 5-merous, equal, the lobes linear lanceolate, to 11 mm long and 1 mm wide at the base, glandular puberulous; corolla white to pink or purplish, ca. 20 mm long, bilabiate, the tube 13 mm long, 2 mm wide at the base, 2.5 mm wide at the throat, the upper lip erect, 15 mm long, 2.5 mm wide at the base, apically notched, the lower lip 3-lobed, each lobe elliptic, ca. 6.5 mm long, 2.5 mm wide, apically obtuse, the upper corolla puberulous outside, glabrous inside, lower half glabrous; stamens exserted ca. 5 mm beyond the mouth of the corolla, the filaments ca. 5 mm long, glabrous, the anther cells 1 mm long, unequal, the tipper cell 1 mm above the lower cell, the lower cell apiculate. Capsule puberulous; seeds orbicular, 2-2.5 mm wide, glabrous.
Habit Shrub
Distribution This species is found in or along forested areas in only one locality in Panama.
Specimen PANAMA: Cerro Jefe along main road before turnoff to summit, Croat 13054 (MO). Cerro Jefe, 2900 ft, Dwyer '& Gentry 8489 (MO). Near top of Cerro Jefe to 1 mi beyond, Dwyer et al. 3440 (MO). La Eneida, Cerro Jefe region, 750 m, Maas & Dressler 677 (MO). Gorgas Memorial Labs yellow fever research camp, "Campamiento Quatro," 5-10 km NE of Altos de Pacora, 600 m, Mori & Kallunki 3424 (MO). Road from Cerro Azul to Cerro Jefe, 2300-2700 ft, Tyson 5306 (MO). Slopes of Cerro Jefe between Cerro Azul and La Eneida ca. 15 mi NE of Panama City, Wilbur et al. 15541B (DUKE).
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