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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 11/27/2012)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 11/27/2012)
Species CAESALPINIA CORIARIA (Jacq.) Willd.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 2:5 32. 1799.
Synonym Poinciana coriaria Jacq. Select. Stirp. Am. 123. 1763. Caesalpinia tbomaea Spreng. Syst. 2:343. 1825, fide N. Am. Fl. Libidibia coriaria Schlecht. in Linnaea 5:193. 1830.
Description An unarmed, low, crooked, much-branching tree, the branchlets glabrous. Leaves moderate, twice-pinnate; petiole rather stout, usually 1-2 cm. long, lightly pubescent, eglandular, terete but somewhat flattened above, callous and expanded basally; rachis similar, nodose at insertion of the pinnae, eglandular; stipules cadu-
Habit tree
Description cous; pinnae usually about 15, 3-5 cm. long, opposite or subopposite on the rachis except for the (odd) terminal one; ultimate leaflets as many as 35 pairs to the pinna, linear-oblong, 3-9 mm. long and up to 2 mm. wide, rounded apically, in- equilateral and subcordate basally, glabrous. Inflorescence a cluster or panicle of a few condensed racemes, the racemes several- to many-flowered, not exceeding the leaves; bracts caducous; pedicels scarcely 3 mm. long. Flowers small, yellow, fragrant; calyx-tube turbinate, about 2 mm. long, glabrous; calyx-lobes ovate, about 3 mm. long, imbricate and somewhat contorted in bud; petals suborbicular, 3-4 mm. long, short-clawed, glabrous; stamens 10, about 6 mm. long, inserted with petals on rim of calyx-tube; filaments expanded and pubescent basally; anthers ovate, scarcely 1 mm. long, bilocular, longitudinally dehiscent, versatile; ovary sublinear, glabrous, scarcely stipitate, inserted on base of calyx-tube; style glabrous, scarcely longer than the ovary; stigma truncate. Legume oblong, up to 6 cm. long and 2 cm. wide, flattened, thick, much coiled in age, apparently indehiscent.
Distribution Mexico to Panama; West Indies; northern South America.
Specimen CANAL ZONE: Exp. Gardens, Lindsay 253; Summit, Mell II. COCLE: Aguadulce, Pittier 4974.
Note The legumes and bark of this tree are relatively rich in tannin, the pods report- edly having as much as 30 per cent tannin content. Besides being utilized locally in the preparation of dyes and inks, the pods are an item of considerable export interest from the tropical countries, especially the north coast of South America. The matured pods usually appear in the trade under the name "divi-divi," a com- mercial source of tannin for many years.
 
 
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