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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 11/27/2012)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 11/27/2012)
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 377. 1753.
Synonym Cathartocarpus Fistula (L.) Pers. Syn. 1:459. 1805. Bactyrilobium Fistula (L.) Willd. Enum. Hort. Berol. 1:440. 1809. Cassia fistuloides Collad. Hist. Cass. 87, t. I. 1816, fide Benth. Cassia excelsa HBK. Nov. Gen. & Sp. 6:339. 1824, fide Benth. Cassia Boitplandiana DC. Prodr. 2:490. 1825, fide Benth. Cassia rhambifolia Roxb. Fl. Ind. 2:334. 1832, fide Benth. Cathartocarpus excelsus (.HBK.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. Dichl. P1. 2:453. 1832. Cathartocarpus rhombifolius (Roxb.) G. Don, loc. cit. 1832. Catbartocarpus fistuloides ('Collad.) G. Don, loc. cit. 454. 1832.
Description Tree up to 20 m., usually glabrous. Leaves large, several-foliolate; petiole about 5 cm. long, glabrous, eglandular; rachis usually 2-4 dm. long, like the petiole; stipules small, caducous; leaflets normally 4-8 pairs, large, 8-20 cm. long and up to 8 cm. wide, ovate to lanceolate, acute apically, very obtuse basally,
Habit Tree
Description puberulent to glabrous above, lightly pubescent below; petiolules up to 1 cm. long. Inflorescence a large, graceful, pendent, many-flowered raceme; pedicels slender, usually 3-4 cm. long. Flowers large, showy, yellow; sepals 5, comparatively small (usually about 6 mm. long), ovate or oblong, puberulent; petals 5, large, about 2 cm. long or longer, ovate-orbicular, short-clawed, venose; stamens 3-morphic; the 3 lowermost almost 3 cm. long, the anthers ovate-oblong, 4-5 mm. long, glabrous, dehiscent apically and basally; the 4 median stamens about 1 cm. long, the anther ovate-oblong, sagittate, about 4 mm. long, dehiscent from the basal lobes (and apical pores); 3 uppermost stamens shorter and smaller, somewhat unequal, the anthers similar to the median ones; ovary slender, lightly pubescent. Legume (reported) cylindric, about 50 cm. long, indehiscent, with horizontal seeds.
Distribution Central America; West Indies; northern South America: native to Asia.
Specimen CANAL ZONE: Ancon, Zetek IO; Balboa, Standley 30847 (sterile).
Note The tree, indigenous to Asia, is planted extensively as an ornamental in tropical America. The pulp of the fruit is sweetish, and is said to be useful as a purgative or laxative.
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