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Published In: Flora 22(1): 54. 1839. (Flora) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: All the year round.
Type: Type: Abyssinia, Ruppell (FR-not seen).
Distribution: Distribution: W. Pakistan (Sind; Lasbella); Arabia; Abyssinia; Tropical Trans¬vaal.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Leaves and fruits are used for the adulteration of Cassia senna.
Photo: Cassia holosericea Fresen. (Photo)
Map Location: Sind, Stocks (K); G-4 Karachi, opposite National Stadium, sandy ground, very common, flowers yellow, plants c.1.5 ft. tall, erect, 6.5.56, S. M. H. Jafri s.n. (K;KUH); Karachi,24.10.1961, Sh. Zahiruddin Quraishi s.n. (KUH) ; G-4 Karachi to Dadu, c. 20 km SW of Thano Bula Khan, sandy plain, Jennifer Lamond 806 (KUH;E) ; 26 miles from Hyderabad on way to Karachi, along roadside, c. 40 cm tall, flowers yellow, S. A. Faruqi & Sultanul Abedin 612 (KUH) ; G-4 Jamshoro, University area, common, plant 3-4 ft., flower yellow, M. A. Ali 608 (PFI-B) ; Khanot, March 1959, A. H. Khan s.n. (PFI-B).


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Suffruticose, 20-120 cm tall, branches subterete, pubescent. Leaves 5-12.5 cm long, rachis densely hairy, eglandular, petioles 1.2-2 cm long, stipules c. 5-7 mm long, linear-lanceolate, very acute with a small auricle at the base, densely hairy; leaflets 5-8 pairs, 1.5-2.5 cm long, 7.5-13 mm wide, obovate, oblong, obtuse or retuse, mucronate, velvety pubescent on both surfaces, petio¬lules very short. Flowers in axillary racemes, pedicel very short. Calyx c. 9-10 mm long, divided to the base, segments oblong, obtuse, membranous. Petals c. 1.2-1.3 cm long, ovate, oblong, cuneate, shortly clawed, yellow, conspicuously reticulate with darker veins. Stamens 10, the upper 3 reduced to the small stami¬nodes, the remaining perfect, 2 or 3 lower are largest. Ovary densely hairy. Pods c. 2.5-3.8 cm long, 1.2-1.8 cm wide, flat, thin and papery, recurved, rounded at both the ends, velvety, pubescent, not longitudinally crested. Seeds 4-10, obovate to cuneate, c. 6-7 mm long, 3 mm wide, reticulate-rugose, flattened, glabrous, yellow.
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