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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/7/2013)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 3/7/2013)
Species HIPPOCRATEA VOLUBILIS L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 11.91. 1753
Reference Standley, Contr. Arnold Arb. 5: 94. 1933; A. C. Smith, Brittonia 3: 359, fig. 1. 1940; Johnston, Sargentia 8: 188. 1949.-Fig. 1(G, H).
Synonym Hippocratea obcordata Lam., Tab. Encycl. Meth. 1: 100, tab. 28 (1). 1791; Hemsl., Biol. Centr.-Am. 1: 193. 1880. Hippocratea ovata Lam., loc. cit. 100, tab. 28(2). 1791; Hemsl., loc. cit. 193. 1880; Woodson & Schery, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 29: 357. 1942. Hippocratea discolor G. F. W. Meyer, Primit Fl. Essequeboensis 19. 1818; Seem., Bot. Voy. Herald 90. 1853. Hippocratea serrulata Miers, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 28: 344. 1872; Hemsl., loc. cit. 194. 1880. Hippocratea versicolor Miers, loc. cit. 350. 1872; Hemsl., loc. cit. 194. 1880.
Description Liana up to 25 m. long, the young parts densely and minutely brown-tomen- tellous-papillate, the branches often stout, terete, subterete or distally quadrangular, inconspicuously lenticellate. Leaves with the petiole slender, canaliculate or narrowly winged distally, 4-10 mm. long; blade ovate to elliptic or oblong- elliptic, rounded or acute at the base, rounded or obtusely cuspidate or short- acuminate at the apex, subentire, crenate or serrate at the margins, 4-17 cm. long and 2-8 cm. wide, chartaceous or rarely thin-coriaceous, the costa slightly or sharply elevated above, prominent beneath. Inflorescences 3-15 cm. long, the axes densely and minutely brown-tomentellous-papillate. Flowers 4-8 mm. in diam., the pedicel slender, 1-3 mrm. long, tomentellous-papillate, the bracteoles about 0.5 mm. long and caducous; sepals broadly ovate to deltoid, rounded, obtuse or obscurely apiculate at the apex, erose or irregularly ciliolate at the margins, 0.5-1.2 mm. long and 0.6-1.4 mm. broad, papyraceous, minutely tomentellous-papillate; petals oblong or elliptic-oblong, subacute at the apex, minutely ciliolate at the margins, 2.5-4 mm. long and 1.3-2.6 mm. broad, minutely tomentellous-papillate especially out- side, transversely barbellate inside about 1 mm. below the apex; disc 0.8-1.7 mm. high, often subpentagonous and sometimes expanded at the base; filaments ligulate, broadly expanded and often contiguous at the base, membranous or submem- branous, sometimes minutely puberulus; anthers about 0.3-0.5 mm. long and 0.5-0.7 mm. broad; ovary about 1 mm. in diam., the style 0.8-1.3 mm. long. Mericarps obovate-elliptic or narrowly elliptic, obtuse and slightly swollen at the base, rounded or emarginate at the apex, subacute and entire at the margins, 4-8 cm. long, 1.5-5 cm. broad and 2-4 mm. thick before delhisccnce, the pericarp usually densely and finely flabellate-costate without, smooth within; seeds with the embry- oniferous portion obliquely ellipsoid, 13-25 mm. long and 4-7 mm. broad, the wing obovate-oblong, slightly falcate, 2-4 cm. long and 1-1.5 cm. wide.
Habit Liana
Distribution Southern Florida and central Mexico southward to northern Argentina.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: vicinity of Chiriqui Lagoon, von Wedel 1059! (MO, US); id., Water Valley, von Wedel 1685! (MO, US), 1839! (MO, US). CANAL ZONE: Chagres, Isthmus of Panama, Fendler 53! (MO, US, syntype of H. serrulata); Barro Colorado Island, Aviles 992! (F), Killip 40031! (US), Shattuck 992! (MO), 1041! (F), 1109! (F), Wetmore & Abbe 87! (F), 160! (F), Woodworth & Vestal 483! (F), 583! (F); drowned forest of Rio Puente near junction with Rio Chagres, alt. 66 m., Dodge, Ste yermark & Allen 16825! (MO); around Culebra, alt. 200-300 m., Pittier 3333! (F, US).. COLON: along Rio Fat6, in forests or thickets, alt. 10-100 m., Pittier 3384! (F, US). DARIEN: Patifio, on cliffs along the beach, Pittier 5704! (US); along Rio Tuira below El Real and Piriaque Island, Stern, Chambers, Dwyer, Ebinger 893! (MO, US); Bay of Ardita, Seemann 1102 (K, type of H. versicolor). PANAMA: Rio Pita, 1-3 miles above confluence with Rio Maestra, Duke 4739! (MO); San Jose Island, Johnston 529, 605! (MO, US), 739! (MO, US), 1143. PROVINCE UNKNOWN: Duchassaing s. n., Hayes 595.
 
 
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