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Published In: Synopsis Plantarum 2: 4. 1807. (Syn. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: March.
Type: Type: Not designated.
Distribution: Distribution: Western outer Himalayas, India, West Malesia, Thailand, Burma.
Comment/Acknowledgements: This species is not common in Pakistan. Parker (For. Fl. Punj. 429. 1918) has reported it from the Salt Range. The bark of this species is mildly astringent and powdered bark and roots are used externally against bruises and pains. Leaves are used for growing muga silkworm and as cattle fodder.


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Shrubs or trees, up to 7 m tall and 60 cm in diameter. Bark dark brown, exfoliating in small corky pieces; inner bark white, odorless. Wood brownish. Branchlets densely, minutely rusty sub-lanuginose. Leaves spirally arranged, chartaceous, variable, broadly elliptic to subovate-elliptic, 4-15 x 8-28 cm, obtuse, apiculate or shortly acuminate, base contracted into 1.5-2.5 cm long, slender, densely pilose petiole; upper surface glabrous, except the impressed midrib, smooth or densely, reticulate, nerves filiform, impressed; secondary nerves parallel, numerous; lower surface glaucous, sparsely, minutely pilose, denser on the nerves, 8-12 pairs of erect-patent, prominulous nerves, secondary nerves perpendicular to the nerves. Umbels numerous in densely brown pilose, 0.5 -1(-2) cm long peduncles, these attached to dwarf (5mm) axillary, bracteate branchlets or umbels behind the leaves; bracts 5-6 mm. Male flower: tube obconical, pilose inside; tepals ovate-spathulate, 2.5 mm; stamens 9-12, filaments 3 mm, thin, pilose near the base, anthers narrow, 1.25 mm, outer ones introrse; glands stipitate. Female flower: tube 1.5 mm; pedicel 2 mm long, pilose; tepals 1.5 mm; staminodes sligtly shorter than the tepals; ovary glabrous; style thick, stigma peltate, lobed. Fruit subglobose, up to 7 mm; cup shallow, up to 5 mm in diameter, pedicel up to 7 mm., slightly thickened at the apex.
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