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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 319. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: June.
Type: Type: Described from Jamaica, Vera Cruz.
Distribution: Distribution: S.E. United States. Naturalized elsewhere.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Naturalized in the lower hills of the Punjab & NWFP regions and often grown as hedges The fibre from the leaves is used for making ropes etc. but not cultivated for commercial purposes.
Map Location: B-7 Hazara Dist.: Abbottabad, ± 4000', S.M.H. Jafri 3470 (KUH); id., Kamal Akhtar & M. Qaiser 170 (KUH).


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Shrubby plant, trunk up to 1 m, stem simple or branched. Leaves 45-75 x 6-7 cm, erect, rigid, apex strongly pungent, dark mossy-green. Margins denticulate or entire. Flowers in large panicles, with usually ascending branches, cream tinged purple. Perianth 5-7.5 cm in diameter, segments 40-60 mm. Fruit fleshy. 7.5-10 cm, black-purple.
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