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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 277. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per. Feb-May.
Type: Type: Described from Southern Europe.
Distribution: Distribution: Widely cultivated in Europe and Asia. Origin unknown but the plant has been in cultivation from prehistoric times.
Comment/Acknowledgements: “Flax” is cultivated in the plains to c. 1900 m. alt. s. m. It is grown for its bast fibres from which linen cloth and ropes are made. Linseed oil, “Alsi-ka-tel”, is extracted from the seeds which are also medicinal, while the “seed-cake” is used for feeding cattle.
Map Location: B-7 Hazara Dist.: Abbottabad. cult.. E. Nasir, M. A. Siddiqi & Zaffar Ali 3825 (RAW); ib., M. Nath 90 (RAW); C-7 Jhelum Dist.: Haripur, K.L. Malhotra 15812 (RAW); Rawalpindi Dist.: Govt. Agri. Farm, Rawalpindi, Dev Raj s.n. May 1936; Khanna near Rawalpindi, E. Nasir & M. A. Siddiqi 62 (RAW).

 

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Annual herb, 20 cm to 1 m tall. Stem erect, glabrous, branched at the base. Leaves alternate, linear to lanceolate, 1-3.5 cm long, 1.5-3 mm broad, 3-nerved. Flowers in corymbose racemes, blue; pedicel 1.5-2 cm long. Sepals imbricate, 5-8 mm long, ovate, acuminate, 3-nerved; margin white. Petals linear to lanceolate, c. 12 mm long, contorted. Stamens 5; staminodes absent; filament c. 8 mm long; anthers 2 mm long, bi-Lobed. Ovary ovoid, styles free, c. 3 mm long; stigma linear, 1.5 mm long. Capsule sub-globose, c. 1 cm long, beaked: seeds c. 5 mm long, ellipsoid, dark brown, shiny.
 
 
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