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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/8/2013)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 3/8/2013)
Species HIBISCUS PHOENICEUS Jacq.
PlaceOfPublication Hort. Bot. Vindob. 3: 11, t. 14. 1776.
Description Herb or suifrutex 0.6-1.5 m high, the stem almost glabrous or sparsely ap- pressed-stellate-hispidulous, sometimes also with a longitudinal tomentellous line changing radially at each node. Leaves with a slender petiole 0.5-2 cm long, with the same indumentum as the stem, the stipules filiform; blade deltoid-ovate or narrowly deltoid-ovate, often subhastately or rarely deeply 3-lobed, subcuneate or obtuse or truncate or rarely slightly subcordate at the base, acute to acuminate at the apex, crenate-serrate at the margins, up to 9 cm long, minutely stellate-puberu- lus to glabrescent above, appressed-stellate-hispidulous beneath, usually 5-palmi- nerved, the main veins prominent on both sides but especially beneath. Flowers axillary, solitary, the pedicel slender, articulated, 1-5 cm long, appressed-stellate- hispidulous; epicalyx of about 10 bractlets, these linear, acute, equalling more or less the calyx or often much longer and up to 25 mm long, appressed-stellate-hispidu- lous, ciliolate at the margin; calyx lobed to far below the middle, 7-12 mm long, appressed-stellate-hispidulous, the lobes ovate to narrowly ovate, acute; petals cuneate-obovate, rounded at the apex, 1.4-2 cm long, crimson or rarely white, appressed-stellate-hispidulous outside; staminal tube shorter than or more or less equalling the corolla, antheriferous throughout; style branches exceeding the stami- nal tube, the stigmas densely fimbrillate. Capsule subglobose, apiculate, equalling more or less the persistent calyx, appressed-hispidulous, the hairs simple; seeds sub- reniform-angulate, 2-3 mm long, covered with long, white hairs.
Habit Herb
Distribution West Indies and Mexico to Colombia and Venezuela; in open forest and shrub.
Specimen PANAMA: Taboga Island, Sinclair s.n. (cf. Hemsl., Biol. Centr.-Am. 1: 122. 1879).
Note Hibiscus phoeniceus is often considered as a synonym for H. brasiliensis L. (Sp. P1. ed. 2, 977. 1763) (cf. Hochreutiner, Ann. Conserv. Jard. Bot. Geneive 4: 87-90. 1900). As the short protologue of Linnaeus, however, does not agree with the de- scription and the illustration of H. phoeniceus-especially with regard to the shape of the leaves-I now consider Linnaeus' specific epithet as a normen dubium.
 
 
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