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Published In: Flora Indica; or descriptions of Indian Plants 1: 473–474. 1820. (Fl. Ind., ed. 1820) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: April-June.
Type: Type locality: Described from Nepal.
Distribution: Distribution: The Himalayas from the Indus eastwards to Bhutan.
Comment/Acknowledgements: The ‘Himalayan Holly’ is occassionally found in moist shady places (as ravines in forests etc.) from 1700-3100m. The attractive scarlet-red fruits along with the twigs are sometimes sold as decorations during the Christmas season.
Illustration: Ilex dipyrena Wall. (Illustration)
Map Location: C-7 Rawalpindi Dist.: Gharial, 6-7000 ft., R.R.& I.D. Stewart 3872 (RAW); Upper Topa, R.R. Stewart s.n. (RAW); Kashmir: Serimang, in damp forest, large tree, R.R. Stewart & E. Nasir 25517 (RAW).


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A small to medium sized tree. Bark dark grey and rough. Shoots and twigs puberulous, glabrate. Leaves alternate, elliptic-lanceolate, 6.5-12 x 2.6-3.7 cm, coriaceous, margin spinose, thickened and slightly revolute, sometimes entire (in older leaves), subacuminate, midrib prominent on undersurface, impressed above, lamina glabrous and shiny above. Petiole 2-4 mm long, minutely pubescent. Flowers bi- or unisexual, in axillary globose clusters, whitish-green, 4-merous, bracteoles 2, triangular ovate, ± 1 mm long, pubescent. Petals obovate, connate at the base, free in the female flowers. Stamens adnate basally to the petals. Ovary ovoid, stigma sessile. Drupe globose, 10-12 mm broad, red-scarlet; pyrenes 2, plano-concave, 6 x 5mm, back deeply ribbed.
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