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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 1/11/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 1/11/2013)
Species DENDROPANAX ARBOREUS (L.) Dec. & Planch.
PlaceOfPublication Rev. Hortic. ser. IV. 3:107. 1854.
Synonym Aralia arborea L. Syst. Nat. ed. 10. 967. 1759. Hedera arborea (L.) Sw. Fl. Ind. Occ. 1:518. 1797. Hedera alaris Schlecht. in Linnaea 9:605. 1834. Dendropanax alare Dec. & Planch. in Rev. Hortic. ser. IV. 3:107. 1854. Sciadophyllum jacquini Griseb. Fl. Br. W. Ind. 306. 1860. Dendropanax juergenseni Seem. in Journ. Bot. 2:301. 1864. Sciandophyllum sainydifoliuin Wr. ex Griseb. Cat. P1. Cub. 117. 1866. Dendropanax samydifolium (Wr. ex Griseb.) Seem. in Journ. Bot. 6:140. 1868. Gilibertia langeana Marchal, in Bull. Acad. BeIg. II. 47:79. 1879. Scia1dcphyltum capitatum Eggers, in Vidensk. Meddel. 1889:17. 1889. Schefflera arborea (L.) Maza, in Anal. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 19:249. 1890. Schefilera samydifolia (Wr. ex Griseb.) Maza, loc. cit. 1890. Gilibertia arborea (L.) Marchal, in Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. BeIg. 301:281. 1891. Sciodaphyllum arboreun (L.) Hitchc. in Rep. Mo. Bot. Gard. 4:9 1. 1893. Aralia fruticosa Sesse & Moc. Fl. Mex. 86. 1894. Aralia tuxtlensis Sesse & Moc. loc. cit. 1894. Gilibertia rothschuhii Harms, in EngI. Bot. Jahrb. 23:126. 1896. Gilibertia insularis Rose, in N. Am. Fauna 14:83. 1899. Gilibertia samydifolia (Wr. ex Griseb.) March. ex Urb. Symb. Ant. 1:201. 1899. Gilibertia brachypoda Urb. loc. cit. 5:452. 1908. Dendropanax brachypodum (Urb.) R. C. Schneid. in Bull. Torrey Club 36:644. 1909. Dendropanax insulare R. C. Schneid. loc. cit. 1909. Gilibertia stenocarpa Donn. Sm. in Bot. Gaz. 55:43 5. 1913. Gilibertia smithiana I. M. Johnston, in Contrib. Gray Herb. 70:81. 1924. Gilibertia eurycarpa I. M. Johnston, loc. cit. 82. 1924. Gilibertia alaris (Schlecht.) J. M. Johnston, loc. cit. 1924. Dendropanax langeanum (March.) Standl. in Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 23:1084. 1924, as syn. Gilibertia juergenseni (Seem.) Standl. loc. cit. 1924. Dendropanax monticola Standl. in Journ. Wash. Acad. 17:3 16. 1927. Gilibertia concinna Standl. in Trop. Woods 18:30. 1929. Gilibertia inatudai Lundell, in Phytologia 1:372. 1940. Dendropanax matudai (Lundell) A. C. Smith, in Trop. Woods 66:3. 1941.
Description Shrubs or trees to 15 m. tall, the branchlets slender, terete. Juvenile leaves often 3- or 4-lobed, to 45 cm. in diameter; petioles to 40 cm. long; mature leaves ovate to elliptic, oblong or obovate-oblong, 6-29 (usually about 15) cm. long, 3-9 (usually about 7) cm. broad, obtusely acuminate to cuspidate at the apex, cuneate to obtuse at the base, entire to undulate or remotely crenate, the costa generally prominent, the primary lateral veins 4-8, often raised on both surfaces. Inflorescences of 3 or more umbels arranged in a terminal raceme, the primary peduncle to 2.5 cm. long, the primary rhachis 2.0-6.5 cm. long, the floriferous peduncles 1-6 cm. long, with several small bracts along their length; pedicels 3-13 mm. long. Flowers to 45 per umbel, 5- to 7-merous, greenish-white; calyx 1.5- 2.0 mm. long, minutely denticulate or merely undulate; petals oblong or deltoid- oblong, 1.5-2.0 mm. long, 0.75-1.5 mm. broad, carnose, midrib prominent within, reflexing during anthesis; filaments 1.5-3.0 mm. long, the anthers subglobose- oblong, 0.5-1.0 mm. long, 0.5-0.75 mm. broad; styles connate, free at the apex. Fruit 4-8 mm. in diameter, purple; seeds 5-7.
Habit Shrub tree
Distribution Sinaloa to Tamaulipas, Cuba, Puerto Rico, and southward; also in South America. A common variable species.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: region of Almirante, Cooper s. n. CANAL ZONE: Chagres, Fendler 131; Barro Colorado Island, Bangham 43o, 595, Starry 294, Shattuck I026, Aviles 69, 959, Bailey & Bailey 375. CHIRIQUI: Progreso, Cooper & Slater I73; llanos west of Gualaca, alt. 500 ft., Allen 5049; Rio Chiriqui Viejo valley, between El Volcatn & Cerro Punta, G. White -5. COCLE: between Las Margaritas and El Valle, Woodson, Allen & Seibert 1741; region north of El Valle de Anto'n, alt., 1000 m., Allen 3722, 3747; vicinity of El Valle, 800-1000 m., Allen 778. LOS SANTOS: between Los Santos and Guarate, Woodson, Allen 0 Seibert 1202. PANAMA: Cerro Campana, Allen 268o. VERAGUAS: vicinity of Ocu', alt. 100 m., Allen 3648.
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