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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 1/14/2013)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 1/14/2013)
Species XIMENIA AMERICANA L.
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 1193. 1753.
Synonym Ximenia multiflora Jacq. Enum. PI. Carib. 19. 1762. Ximenia inermis L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. 497. 1762. Ximenia aculeata Crantz, Inst. 2:3 8 1. 1766. Heymassoli spinosa Aubl. PI. Guayan. Franc. 1:324, t. I25. 1775. Ximenia elliptica Forst. f. Prod. 27. 1786. Ximenia spinosa Salisb. Prod. 276. 1796. Ximenia montana Macfad. Fl. Jamaica 1: 121. 18 3 7. Ximenia loranthifolia Span. in Linnaea 15:177. 1841. Ximenia arborescens Tussac, ex Walp. Rep. 1:377. 1842. Ximenia laurina Delile, in Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 2. 20:89. 1843. Ximenia fluminensis M. Roem. Syn. Hesper. 22. 1846. Ximenia oblonga Lam. ex Hemsl. in Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 1:18 5. 1879.
Description Trees to 7 m. tall, the spines axillary branches, often leafy, usually stout. Leaves ovate, 3-11 cm. long, 2.0-4.5 cm. broad, retuse and mucronulate at the apex, obtuse to cuneate at the base, subcoriaceous, glabrous or bullate, the costa immersed above, emersed below, the primary lateral veins 3-6 pairs, most conspicu- ous towards the base of the lamina; petiole 5-7 mm. long, canaliculate. Inflores- cence umbellate, simple or compound, often fasciculate, multi-flowered, the bracts small, ciliate, caducous. Calyx crateriform, to 0.75 mm. long, about 1.5 mm. in diameter, 3- or 4-toothed, ciliate; petals 4, liguliform, 7-11 mm. long, 1.5-2.0 mm. broad, greatly reflexed, coriaceous, glabrous without, densely covered with red-brown barbed hairs within, white and often purple tipped; stamens 8, sub- exserted, the anthers linear, 3.0-4.5 mm. long, 0.5-0.75 mm. broad, the filaments 3.0-4.5 mm. long, glabrous; ovary long-conical, 3-4 mm. long, 1.0-1.5 mm. in diameter, glabrous, the style 3.0-4.5 mm. long; pedicel 5-6 mm. long. Drupe ellipsoid, 2-3 cm. long, 1.5-2.5 cm. in diameter, pale yellow.
Habit Tree
Distribution A circumtropical species.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: vicinity of Chiriqui Lagoon, Von Wedel I402; Water Valley, Von Wedel I620. CANAL ZONE: vicinity of Fort Sherman, Standley 3II45; Victoria Fill, Allen I750. CHIRIQUI: Isla Parida, Pittier 28I9. DARIEN: Patifio, on cliffs along beach, Pittker 5703; vicinity of La Palma, Pittier 5498. PANAMA: San Jose Island, Erlanson I49, John- ston 7I9, 774; Bella Vista, Killip 39943; Nuevo San Francisco, Standley 30780. PROVINCE UNKNOWN: Bahia Honda, Elmore H39; La Venta, Hunnewell i64I7.
 
 
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