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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 1/14/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 1/14/2013)
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 1193. 1753.
Synonym Ximenia multiflora Jacq. Enum. PI. Carib. 19. 1762. Ximenia inermis L. Sp. PI. ed. 2. 497. 1762. Ximenia aculeata Crantz, Inst. 2:3 8 1. 1766. Heymassoli spinosa Aubl. PI. Guayan. Franc. 1:324, t. I25. 1775. Ximenia elliptica Forst. f. Prod. 27. 1786. Ximenia spinosa Salisb. Prod. 276. 1796. Ximenia montana Macfad. Fl. Jamaica 1: 121. 18 3 7. Ximenia loranthifolia Span. in Linnaea 15:177. 1841. Ximenia arborescens Tussac, ex Walp. Rep. 1:377. 1842. Ximenia laurina Delile, in Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 2. 20:89. 1843. Ximenia fluminensis M. Roem. Syn. Hesper. 22. 1846. Ximenia oblonga Lam. ex Hemsl. in Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 1:18 5. 1879.
Description Trees to 7 m. tall, the spines axillary branches, often leafy, usually stout. Leaves ovate, 3-11 cm. long, 2.0-4.5 cm. broad, retuse and mucronulate at the apex, obtuse to cuneate at the base, subcoriaceous, glabrous or bullate, the costa immersed above, emersed below, the primary lateral veins 3-6 pairs, most conspicu- ous towards the base of the lamina; petiole 5-7 mm. long, canaliculate. Inflores- cence umbellate, simple or compound, often fasciculate, multi-flowered, the bracts small, ciliate, caducous. Calyx crateriform, to 0.75 mm. long, about 1.5 mm. in diameter, 3- or 4-toothed, ciliate; petals 4, liguliform, 7-11 mm. long, 1.5-2.0 mm. broad, greatly reflexed, coriaceous, glabrous without, densely covered with red-brown barbed hairs within, white and often purple tipped; stamens 8, sub- exserted, the anthers linear, 3.0-4.5 mm. long, 0.5-0.75 mm. broad, the filaments 3.0-4.5 mm. long, glabrous; ovary long-conical, 3-4 mm. long, 1.0-1.5 mm. in diameter, glabrous, the style 3.0-4.5 mm. long; pedicel 5-6 mm. long. Drupe ellipsoid, 2-3 cm. long, 1.5-2.5 cm. in diameter, pale yellow.
Habit Tree
Distribution A circumtropical species.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: vicinity of Chiriqui Lagoon, Von Wedel I402; Water Valley, Von Wedel I620. CANAL ZONE: vicinity of Fort Sherman, Standley 3II45; Victoria Fill, Allen I750. CHIRIQUI: Isla Parida, Pittier 28I9. DARIEN: Patifio, on cliffs along beach, Pittker 5703; vicinity of La Palma, Pittier 5498. PANAMA: San Jose Island, Erlanson I49, John- ston 7I9, 774; Bella Vista, Killip 39943; Nuevo San Francisco, Standley 30780. PROVINCE UNKNOWN: Bahia Honda, Elmore H39; La Venta, Hunnewell i64I7.
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