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Brachypodium sylvaticum (Huds.) P. Beauv. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie 101, 155, pl. 3, f. 115. 1812. (Ess. Agrostogr.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. & Fr. Per.: (April-) June-September.
Type: Type: British Isles, Hudson
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan (Punjab, N.W.F.P., Gilgit & Kashmir); Europe and temperate Asia and the mountains of tropical Asia.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Wood False-Brome is a species of no value agriculturally and is generally considered undesirable in grassland.

Tor Grass, Brachypodium pinnatum (Linn.) P. Beauv., differs from Brachypodium sylvaticum by having a shorter awn shorter than the lemma, glabrous sheaths and culms and a rhizomatous habit. Although it is reported from Pakistan (R.R. Stewart 8732 det. Swallen in Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. 138) this is probably an error as the species is otherwise unknown east of Iran. The Stewart specimen in question, which incidentally is at Kew despite Stewart's statement in his catalogue, although having short-awned glabrous spikelets is tufted and has hairy sheaths and leaves; it is thus better regarded as a form of Brachypodium sylvaticum.

Map Location: A-8 Gilgit Agency: Minipir-Chalt, Nagar, 6000', R. R. Stewart 26636 (K, RAW); B-6 Chitral dist.: Brir, 5000', M. A. Siddiqi & A. Rahman Beg 26749 (RAW); Ziarat to Lowari Top, M. A. Siddiqi & A. Rahman Beg 26750 (K, RAW); B-7 Kashmir: Keran, 5-6000, 14 July 1939. R. R. & I. D. Stewart s.n. (KUH); Hazara dist.: Mokhshpuri, Murree Hills, 8000', 13 July 1951, E. Nasir s.n. (RAW); Kalapani, 7000', R.R. Stewart 27742 (K); Swat dist.: Bahrein, 5-6000', R.R. Stewart & A. Rahman Beg 25056 (K, RAW), 25057 (K); Mt. Ilam, R. R. Stewart 24328 (RAW); 24345 (K, RAW); B-8 Kashmir: Tangmarg to Gulmarg, 7-8000', R. R. Stewart 10651 (K, KUH); Badwan-Kamri, Kishenganga Valley, 9000', R. R. Stewart 22611 (K); Gilgit Agency: Gilgit, 5000', R. R. Stewart 26637 (K); C-6 Kurram dist.: Shalozan Hill, Parachinar, M. Qaiser & Sultanul Abedin 5990 (KUH); C-7 Hazara dist.: Changla Gali, 8-9000', R. R. Stewart X1201 (RAW); Attock dist.: Campbellpur to Jhalar, R. R. Stewart 23306 (K, non RAW); Rawalpindi dist.: Jhika Gali, Murree Hills, 6-7000', R. R. Stewart 23363 (K); C-8 Kashmir: near Aliabad, 8000', R. R. Stewart & E. Nasir 23881 (K).

 

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Tufted perennial without rhizomes; culms 30-90 cm high, erect or spreading, slender to moderately stout, hairy at and towards the nodes, otherwise smooth and glabrous. Leaf-blades up to 35 cm long, 4-12 mm wide, mostly loosely hairy, rarely hairless and rough; sheaths loosely hairy with spreading or reflexed hairs, or the upper smooth, rarely all hairless. Inflorescence 6-20 cm long, bearing 4-12 spikelets. Spikelets 2-4 cm long, cylindrical, narrowly oblong or lanceolate, 8-16-flowered, glumes lanceolate or the upper narrowly oblong, sharply pointed or the upper very shortly awned, usually hairy, the lower 6-8 mm long, 5-7-nerved, the upper 8-11 mm long, 7-9-nerved; lemmas oblong-lanceolate, 7-11 mm long, shortly and stiffly hairy, rarely only rough or quite smooth, acute, tipped by an awn up to 12 mm long; anthers 3.5-4 mm long.
 
 
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