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Published In: Systema Vegetabilium 2: 474. 1817. (Syst. Veg. (ed. 15 bis)) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. & Fr. Per.: August-October.
Type: Type: India, Heyne (B).
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan (Punjab, N.W.F.P. & Kashmir); Nepal, India, Burma and Sri Lanka; a single record for Oman.
Comment/Acknowledgements: This is a relatively uniform species except for the upper glume. This may be absent (var. denudate) or, when present, varying from a minute glabrous scale to clavate-hairy and up to (sometimes exceeding) one-third the length of the spikelet. The indumentum of the spikelet varies from dense to sparse (var. glabrescens), but the spikelet is very rarely completely glabrous.
Map Location: B-7 Hazara dist.: 3 miles from Garhi Habibullah on way to Abbottabad, S.A. Faruqi & M. Qaiser 3393(K); Abbottabad, 4500', R.R. Stewart 27813 (RAW, KUH in part, non duplicate at K); Kawai on way to Naran, 5000', Sultanul Abedin & M. Qaiser 8751 (KUH); Kashmir: Jhelum Valley Road, c.3000', September 1946, R.R. Stewart s.n. (KUH); C-7 Rawalpindi dist.: Potha, 4400', October 1949, R.R. Stewart s.n. (K); Burbhan, Murree Hills, 6500', R.R. Stewart 23304 (K, RAW); Topi Park, R.R. Stewart 21893 (KUH); C-8 Kashmir: Basaoli, 4000', C.B. Clarke 31575 (K); D-8 Lahore dist.: September 1846, T. Thomson s.n. (K); Sheikhupura dist.: Ladhar, 1936, Sultan Ahmad s.n. (RAW).


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Tufted annual; sulms up to 40 cm high (110 cm in exceptional specimens), erect. Leaf-blades 4-15(30) cm long, 26 mm wide, the blades and sheaths ± hirsute with tubercle-based hairs. Inflorescence composed of 3-6(17) racemes, these subdigitate or arranged along an axis 1-3(5) cm long; racemes 4-14 cm long, the spikelets ternate (at least in the middle of the raceme) on a narrowly winged rhachis with triquetrous midrib; pedicels narrowly winged, scabrid, slightly dilated at the tip with a crown of stiff hairs exceeding the tip and sometimes up to 1 mm long. Spikelets obtuse, oblong, elliptic or narrowly obovate, 1.1-1.4(-1.6) mm long; lower glume 0; upper glume 0 or very short to about one-third the length of the spikelet and 3-nerved, covered all over with short clavate hairs or rarely glabrous; lower lemma as long as the spikelet, (3-)5-nerved, all interspaces with a sparse to very dense covering of clavate hairs; fruit ellipsoid, apiculate, chestnut brown to black (very rarely pallid) at maturity.
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