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Published In: Hortus Regius Botanicus Berolinensis 1: 229. 1827. (Hort. Berol.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. & Fr. Per: (May-) July-August.
Type: Type: Cult. at Berlin, seed from Brazil (B).
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan (Punjab, N.W.F.P. & Gilgit); tropical Asia and America; introduced and naturalised in Tanzania.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Digitaria violascens is closely allied to Digitaria longiflora. The two species intergrade to some extent, and there are no infallible characters for separating them. Typically Digitaria violascens is a more erect plant with 3 or more slender racemes, scabrid pedicels, a smaller upper glume (commonly 3-nerved and noticeably shorter than the spikelet) and a dark-coloured fruit.
Map Location: B-6 Chitral dist.: about 4 miles from Bombrait on way to Ayun, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 6785(KUH); B-7 Swat dist.: Mt. Ilam, 7-8000', R.R. Stewart 24358 (K, RAW); Mingora, 3000', R.R. Stewart 24240 (K); Saidu Sharif, 3500', R.R. Stewart & A. Rahman Beg 25419 (K, RAW); Hazara dist.: Abbottabad, I.I. Chaudhri C1 (RAW); 2 miles from Abbottabad on way to Nathiagali, S.A. Faruqi & M. Qaiser 3425 (KUH); D-7 Sahiwal dist.: Chakdara, S.A. Harriss 16753 (K); D-8 Lahore dist.: Lahore, Botanic Gardens, M. Zahur 3060 (RAW).


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Annual; culms 20-60 cm high, erect or geniculately ascending, seldom stoloniferous. Leaf-blades 3-25 cm long, 2-7 mm wide. Inflorescence composed of (2-) 3-6(-9) subdigitate racemes; racemes 3-14 cm long, the spikelets ternate on a ribbon-like winged rhachis with low rounded midrib; pedicels terete to ± flattened and winged, scabrid, with discoid or cupuliform tip. Spikelets elliptic, 1.2-2 mm long; lower glume an obscure hyaline rim; upper glume four-fifths to almost as long as the spikelet, 3(-5)-nerved, with, short appressed verrucose hairs between the nerves; lower lemma as long as the spikelet, 5-7-nerved, pubescent (often obscurely so) with verrucose hairs; fruit ellipsoid, dark brown to almost black.
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