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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/16/2012)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 10/16/2012)
Species PASPALUM VAGINATUM
PlaceOfPublication Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ. 21. 1788.
Synonym Paspalum littorale R. Br. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 188. 1810. Digitaria foliosa Lag. Gen. & Sp. Nov. 4. 1816. Paspalum tristachyum LeConte, Jour. de Phys. Chym. 91:285. 1820. Digitaria tristachya Schult. Mant. 2:261. 1824. Paspalum foliosum Kunth, Rev. Gram. 1:25. 1829. Paspalum kleineanum Presl, Rel. Haenk. 1:209. 1830. Paspalum inflatum A. Rich. in Sagra, Hist. Cuba 11:298. 1850. Paspalum vaginatum var. longipes Lange, Naturhist. For. Kjobenhavn Vid. Medd. 1854:44. 1854. Paspalum vaginatum Gren. & Godr. Fl. Franc. 3:462. 1856. Not P. vaginatum Nees, 1829. Paspalum distichum var. tristachum Wood, Class-book. ed. 3. 783. 1861. Paspalum distichum var. vaginatum Swartz ex Griseb. Fl. Brit. W. Ind. 541. 1864. Paspalum vaginatum var. nanum Doell in Mart. Fl. Bras. 22:75. 1877. Paspalum reimarioides Chapm. Fl. South. U. S. 665. 1883. Paspalum vaginatum var. reimarioides Chapm. Fl. South. U. S. ed. 3. 577. 1897. Paspalum distichum var. nanum Stapf in Thiselt.-Dyer, Fl. Cap. 7:371. 1898. Sanguinaria vaginata Bubani, Fl. Pyr. 4:258. 1901.
Description Rhizomatous stoloniferous perennial; culms 10-60 cm. high, erect or ascend- ing, strongly compressed, simple or branching, glabrous; stolons as much as 1 m. long, slender to rather stout with short internodes, the sheaths bladeless or with short reflexed blades; sheaths of the culms longer than the internodes, loose, keeled, pilose in the throat; ligule membranaceous, about 0.5 mm. long; blades 2.5-15 cm. long, commonly about 10 cm., 3-8 mm. wide, narrower than the mouth of the sheath, gradually narrowed to a more or less involute tip, conspicuously dis- tichous; racemes 1.5-7.5 cm. long, usually 2, sometimes 3-5, conjugate or approxi- mate, erect to spreading or reflexed, somewhat falcate; spikelets 3-4.5 mm. long, solitary, imbricate, acute, glabrous, the first glume rarely developed; second glume and sterile lemma equal, thin, the lemma transversely undulate; fruit 2.5-3 mm. long, obovate, acute.
Distribution Sea-coasts, North Carolina and Baja California to Argentina and Chile; also in the tropics and subtropics of the Eastern Hemisphere.
Specimen COLON: Rio Indio de Fato, Pittier 426i. CANAL ZONE: Cristobal, Pittier 4232; Hitch- cock 8034; Toro Point, Hitchcock 8o42; Balboa, Hitchcock 7996; Standley 3088I. PANAMA: Panama', Hitchcock 8403; Punta Paitilla, Standley 30799.
 
 
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