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Published In: Blumea, Supplement 3: 14. 1946. (Blumea, Suppl.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. & Fr. Per.: April-May.
Type: Type: Orient, Tournefort.
Distribution: Distribution: Pakistan (Baluchistan, Punjab & N.W.F.P.); Middle East and the Mediterranean region; coast of West Europe; introduced in North and South America and Australia.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Curved Sea Hard-grass is mostly a plant of sandy, rarely saline soils near the sea and maritime rocks, but it also occurs around ports and as a weed in cultivated areas, usually below 1300 m, but at 2000 m in Quetta.
Illustration: Parapholis incurva (L.) C.E. Hubb. (Illustration)
Map Location: B-6 Peshawar dist.: Peshawar, S. Ahmad 25124 (K); C-7 Rawalpindi dist.: Topi Park, R. R. Stewart 13749 (K, RAW); Campbellpur dist.: Hattian, near Campbellpur, M. A. Siddiqi & Y. Nasir 3691 (K, RAW); D-4 Quetta dist.: forest nursery, Quetta, 6000', R. R. Stewart 799 (K); F-2 Makran dist.: Hoshab, palm garden behind rest house, Sultanul Abedin & Abrar Hussain 6656 (KUH); F-3 Makran dist.: Panjgur irrigation scheme, 1000 m, J. Lamond 617 (K).


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Tufted annual; culms 2-25 cm high, erect or prostrate and ascending. Leaf-blades flat or convolute when dry, 0.5-3(-8) cm long, 1-2 mm wide, scabrid above; uppermost sheath inflated. Spikes solitary, rigid, curved or rarely straight, 1-10 cm long, cylindrical, the joints deeply hollowed on one side, breaking horizontally beneath each spikelet at maturity. Spikelets 4-8 mm long, the lowest nearly always included on the uppermost sheath; glumes equal, as long as the spikelet, lanceolate-acuminate, the keel not winged; lemma with one side adjacent to the rhachis; anthers 0.5-1 mm long.
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