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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 1/14/2013)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 1/14/2013)
Habit Tree
Note Type: Linnaean Herbarium- (terminal leaf of young plant.) Jamaica (?) Local name: "sea grape".
Common sea grape
Note Collected in flower in January, February and October. Collected in fruit in March.
Distribution General in the West Indies, Mexico, Central and northern South America along beaches and strand locations.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: Almirante, G. Proctor Cooper 558; Changuinola valley, Cooper & Slater 82; Chiriqui Lagoon, von Wedel 2826. PROVINCE UNKNOWN: Isthmus of Chagres, Fendler 287.
Species COCCOLOBA UVIFERA (L.) L.
PlaceOfPublication Syst. Nat. ed. 10. 1007. 1759.
Synonym Polygonum uvifera L. Sp. P1. 3 65. 1753 . Guaiabara uvif era House, Amer. Midl. Nat. 8:64. 1922.
Description Tree of strand areas, 2-15 m. tall; branches stout, papillose to pilose; ocreae rigid, coriaceous at the base, membranaceous at the apex, 3-8 mm. long, papillose to pilose; leaves of normal shoots with stout petioles, 7-10 mm. long, puberulent to pilose, the blades orbicular to reniform, 10 X 10, 11 X 14, 13 X 18, 20 X 27 cm. long and broad, thick and fleshy when fresh, coriaceous when dry, glabrous and minutely punctate on both surfaces, the apex rounded, truncate or emarginate, the base rounded to broadly cordate, one lobe extending around the petiole, the primary veins 3-5 pairs usually straight, bifurcate and weakly anastomosing near the margin, commonly barbate in the axils of the basal veins, the secondary venation minutely reticulate or obscure; inflorescence stout, 15-30 cm. long, racemose, occasionally branched at the base, the rachis puberulent, staminate flowers in clusters of 1-7, the pistillate flowers solitary at each locus, the bracts ovate, 1-1.5 mm. long, 2 mm. broad, puberulent, the ocreolae membranaceous, 1 mm. long, puberulent, the flowering pedicels 1-2 mm. long, the hypanthium 2-3 mm. long, the perianth lobes 4 mm. long, 3-4 mm. wide, the fertile stamens to 4 mm. long; fruiting pedicels 3-4 mm. long, fruit obpyriform, 1.2-2 cm. long, 8-10 mm. in diameter, narrowed at the base, rounded-truncate at the apex, the perianth rose-purple when mature; achene black.
 
 
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