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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/5/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 6/5/2013)
Species Mikania banisteriae DC.
PlaceOfPublication Prodr. 5: 193. 1836.
Note TYPE: Brasil, Poeppig 135 (G-DC, holotype, not seen, US, microfiche; F, isotype not seen, US, photo).
Synonym Mikania ruiziana Poepp. in Poepp. & Endlich., Nov. Gen. SD. P1. 3: 53. 1845. TYPE: Peru, Cuchero, Poeppig 1473 (W, not seen; B, destroyed, US, photo) Mikania caudata Benth., Pl. .Iartw. 201. 1845. TYPE: Colombia, in sylvis prope Guaduas, Bogota, Hartweg 1112 (K, not seen). Mikania ruiziana Poepp. var. lehmanniana Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 19: 45. 1894. TYPE: Colombia, near Dolores, Tolima, 1000-1800 m, Lehmann 7483 (K, not seen; F, not seen, US, photo). Willoughbya ferruginea Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6: 58. 1896. TYPE: Bolivia, Guanai- Tipuani, Bang 1419 (NY, holotype, not seen; US, isotype). Mikania antioquiensis Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28: 580. 1901. TYPE: Colombia, prope Santa Domingo, Cancan et Amalfi, 1500-2000 m, Lehmann 7971 (US). Mikania antioquiensis Hieron. var. subcuneata B. L. Robinson, Contr. Gray Herb. 104: 32. 1934. TYPE: Peru, Iquitos, trail to San Juan, Loreto, Mexia 6492 (US). Mikania ferruginea Rusby var. subglabra B. L. Robinson, Contr. Gray Herb. 104: 36. 1934. TYPE: Bolivia, San Carlos, Mapiri, Buchtien 1576 (US). Mikania almagroi Cuatr., Anales Univ. Madrid 4, fasc. 2: 233. 1935. TYPE: Ecuador, San Jose, Isern 368 (MA, not seen). Mikania skutchii Blake, Brittonia 2: 333. 19,37. TYPE: Costa Rica, El General, 1130 m, Skutch 2514 (US). Mikania canaquensis Badillo, Bol. Soc. Venez. Ci. Nat. 9: 132. 1944. TYPE.: Venezuela, Canagual, Merida, Badillo 562 (VEN). Mikania molinensis Badillo, Bol. Soc. Venez. Ci. Nat. 10: 296. 1946. TYPE: Venezuela, near El Molino, between Canagua and Sta. Cruz de Mora, Merida, Badillo 610 (VEN). Mikania oniaensis Badillo, Bol. Soc. Venez. Ci. Nat. 10: 297. 1946. TYPE: Venezuela, along Rio Onia, near Bolero, N of Mesa Bolivar, Merida, Steyermark 56736 (VEN). Mikania kavanayensis Badillo, Bol. Soc. Venez. Ci. Nat. 10: 300. 1946. TYPE: Venezuela, Gran Sabana, between Mission of Santa Teresita de Kavanayen NW to Rio Karuai, Bolivar, Steyermark 59374 (VEN, photo US). Mikania ptaretepuiensis Badillo, Bol. Soc. Venez. Ci. Nat. 10: 302. 1946. TYPE: Venezuela, Petare- tepui, Bolivar, Steyermark 59936 (VEN). Mikania meridana Badillo, Bol. Soc. Venez. Ci. Nat. 10: 303. 1946. TYPE: Venezuela, Montafia de San Jacinto, Merida, Steyermnark 56667 (VEN). Mikania bergantinensis Badillo, Bol. Soc. Venez. Ci. Nat. 10: 304. 1946. TYPE: Venezuela, Cerro San Jose, between Bergantin and Cerro Peonia, Anzoategui, Steyermark 61540 (VEN). Mikania banisteriae DC. f. lehmanniana (Hieron.) Steyerm., Fieldiana, Bot. 28: 657. 1953. Mikania banisteriae DC. f. subglabra (B. L. Robinson) Steyerm., Fieldiana, Bot. 28: 657. 1953.
Description Coarse vines with few branches; stems and leaves densely yellowish-villous; stems brownish, terete, striate, not fistulose. Leaves opposite; blades broadly ovate to ovate-lanceolate, to 18 cm long and 10 cm wide, the base rounded to cordate, the margins entire or with remote denticulations, the apex acute to narrowly short-acuminate, the surface densely villous with stout hairs, without glandular punctations, pairs of secondary veins prominent near the base and near the basal fourth; petioles rather stout, to 2 cm long. Inflorescence a pyramidal panicle with paniculate branches, the ultimate branches 1-4 mm long, densely hirtellous. Heads 7-9 mm high; subinvolucral bract ovate to obovate, 2.5-4.0 mm long with few to many abaxial hairs; involucral bracts broadly oblong with rounded tips, 3-5 mm long and 1 mm wide, glabrate; corolla whitish or pinkish, 4.5-5.0 mm long, the tube 2 mm long, the limb abruptly broadly campanulate, the lobes triangular, 1.0-1.5 mm long, 0.7-1.0 mm wide, with a few apical hairs; anther appendanges firm, oblong-ovate, 1? times as long as wide; style base slightly thickened, glabrous, the style appendages with only short papillae. Achenes with 5 ribs, 3-4 mm long, with a few long hairs along the costae, the base of achene
Habit vines
Description slightly attenuated; carpopodium small; pappus of ca. 35-50 slender bristles, the tips of the bristles often slightly enlarged.
Distribution widely distributed from Costa Rica to the Amazon Basin of Brazil and reaches south to Bolivia.
Note Many variations have been named as distinct species. The present broad concept follows mostly that of Steyermark (1953) with the exclusion of Al. monagasensis Badillo of Venezuela (see Aristeguieta, 1964) and M. lanuginosa DC. of southeastern Brazil, and with the inclusion of M. skutchii Blake of Costa Rica. The excluded species listed above, as well as M. eriophora Schultz-Bip. and the doubtfully distinct M. pyramidata D.Sm. both of Mexico and northern Central America, can be distinguished from M. banisteriae by the leaves being distinctly trinervate from at or very near the base of the blade. In M. banisteriae the leaves are less strongly trinervate from higher on the blade, nearer the basal fourth.
Specimen PANAMA: Past Cerro Jefe toward La Eneida, Croat 13095 (MO). Cerro Azul, Duke 9380 (MO, US). Cerro Jefe, Dwyer 8494 (MO). Cerro Jefe, 2700-3000 ft, Tyson et al. 3277 (MO). VERAGUAS: 5 mi NW of Santa Fe, 700 1200 m, Croat 23191 (MO).
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