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Published In: The Gardeners Dictionary: eighth edition Ziziphus no. 1. 1768. (Gard. Dict. (ed. 8)) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: June-July.
Type: Type: Described from Europe.
Distribution: Distribution: S. Europe, Mediterranean region, Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, India, Mongolia, Japan, China, Tibet, S. & E. Asia.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Economically an important tree or shrub. Fruit is used for bronchitis, the bark contains tannin. The wood is dense and is used for turning.
Photo: Ziziphus jujuba Mill. (Photo)
Map Location: B-7 Hazara Dist. 3 miles from Mansehra on way to Garhi Habibullah 7.5.74 M. Qaiser & Sultanul Abedin 5739 (KUH); Kashmir about 20 miles from Muzzaffarabad on way to Neelam valley 24.8.1972 M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 4945 (KUH); C-7 Mirpur, 5 miles from Abbottabad on way to Mansehra 9.8.1971. Sultanul Abedin & M. Qaiser 8632, 8642 (KUH); B-7 Swat Dist.: Mingora etc. common 10.8.1952 R.R. Stewart 24292 (RAW); B-7 Nishat Bagh, Kashmir valley 5200 ft. June 16. 1919 R.R. & I.D. Stewart & E. Nasir 24126 (RAW); Mansehra, Chamba ± 4000 ft. June 19. 1917 R.R. & I.D. Stewart 2787a (KUH); B-7 Mansehra Road Abbottabad 10.5.52 S.M.A. Anwar Kazmi (KUH); Kowai Kaghan valley ± 5000 ft. 1.10.1964 Hassanuddin 3117 (RAW).


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A small tree or shrub, with spreading branches, glabrous, prickles stout, straight up to 3 cm long, older tree unarmed, leaves coriaceous, glabrous, obliquely oblong-ovate, lanceolate, crenate to serrate, obtuse-subacute, base slightly cordate, 2-5 cm x 1-2.5 cm; petiole very short c. 1-2 mm long, Inflorescence of axillary clusters. Flower 3-4 mm in diameter, peduncles very short; pedicels 1-2 mm long. Calyx ovate, acuminate somewhat keeled. Petals spathulate cucullate, c. 2 mm long. Disc thin, 5-lobed, styles 2 united to the middle, fruit globose or oblong 1-2 x .5-1 cm, succulent, shining.
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