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Published In: Observ. Naucl Ind. 19. 1839. (Observ. Naucl Ind.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: April-Oct.
Type: Type: Roxburgh s.n., Ex 316/26 Herb. Smith (LINN).
Distribution: Distribution: India (Central and South), Pakistan (Punjab and Sind), Burma, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.
Comment/Acknowledgements: The wood is moderately hard and even grained, used for making various type of utensils and agricultural purposes. Not a common species becoming frequent in east of Punjab.
Map Location: D-6 Dera Ismail Khan, Rashid Ali 2597 (RAW); G-5 Ranger Hills, Nagar Parker, Umar Shaheen 57 (KUH); Tharparker, Nagar Parker, Mohammad Sharif T34 (KIM).


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Deciduous tree, up to 30 m tall, trunk short. Stipules 7.15-42.5 mm, oblong or elliptic. Leaves 5-12 (-15) x 2.5-8 (-10) cm, elliptic, obovate, ovoid or orbicular, rounded, acute-shortly acuminate at apex, oblique at base, with 6-8 pairs of lateral nerves, glabrous above, glabrous or pubescent on nerves beneath, petiole 6-20 mm long. Heads terminal and solitary or rarely simple thyrse or panicles of 3-5 heads, generally subtended by two narrow bract like leaves. Peduncle 7-10 mm long, glabrous, heads 8-10 mm in diameter, bracteoles spathulate, 2-2.5 mm long, keeled, usually ciliate on margins and keel. Hypanthium 1.5 mm long, glabrous; calyx-lobes minute, truncate or shortly 5-toothed, c. 0.2-3 mm, margin ciliate. Corolla greenish or cream colour; tube funel-shaped, 4-5 mm long, hairy within and glabrous outside, lobes nearly half the length of the tube, ciliate along the midrib inside. Anthers exserted, c. 1.5 mm long, spreading. Style 4-5 mm, exserted; stigma 1.5-2 mm long. Capsule 3-5 mm long, ridged.
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