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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 8/20/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 8/20/2013)
Species Cephaelis elata Swartz
PlaceOfPublication Prodr. 45. 1788.
Note TYPE: Jamaica, Swartz, not seen.
Synonym Cephaelis punicea Vahl, Eclog. Amer. 1: 19. 1796. TYPE: Jamaica, von Rohr, not seen. Tapogomea elata Aubl. ex Lam., Encycl. M6th. 7: 585. 1806. TYPE: not seen. Cephaelis costaricensis Schlecht., Linnaea 28: 546. 1856. TYPE: not seen. Uragoga punicea (Vahl) Schum. in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. IV: 120. 1891. Evea elata (Sw.) Standley, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 18: 123. 1916. Cephaelis chiriquiensis Standley, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 28: 469. 1941. TYPE: Panama, Woodson & Schery 610 (MO, holotype).
Description Shrubs or trees to 8 m tall, the branches few to many, smooth, terete or angular, glabrate, occasionally constricted below the nodes, the nodes often swol- len (persistent stipules). Leaves narrowly oblong or obovate oblong, 10-25 cm long, 1.5-7.0 cm wide, obtuse, widely deltoid or rounded at the apex, acuminate, the acumen short, acute, basally cuneate to obtuse, the costa prominent, prom- inulous to subplane above, prominent beneath, the lateral veins (12-)16-22, widely arcuate or at first widely divergent and then arcuate marginally, the margin often slightly revolute, stiffly papyraceous to subcoriaceous, not herbaceous (Panama), lustrous and glabrous above, glabrous or pubescent on the costa and the veins beneath; stipules persistent, connate, turgid, cupshaped, to 1.2 cm long, each part of the sheath bilobed, the lobes usually hemispherical, as long as or longer than the sheath, obtuse, coriaceous, glabrous, the margins scarious, often widely so. Inflorescences terminal, the peduncle solitary or rarely 2-4 at the tip of the twiglet, 0.5-3.5 cm long; heads including 2 outermost bracts to 6.5 cm wide; outermost bracts ovate rotund, to 7 mm long, deep red or rusty orange.
Habit Shrubs or trees
Specimen CANAL ZONE: Camp Pifia, Duke 4400 (MO). Pena Road, Tyson & Chu 1700 (MO). Fort Sherman, Tyson & Dwyer 1215 (MO). CHIRIQUi: Bajo Chorro, Boquet6 District, Davidson 103 (MO). Cerro Horqueta, Kirkbride 131, 132 (both MO). Between Pinola and divide on Chiriquicito-Caldera Trail, Kirkbride & Duke 845 (MO). Bajo Chorro, Woodson & Schery 610 (MO). COCLE: Cerro Pajita, N of El Valle de Ant6n, Allen & Allen 4168 (MO). Cerro Caracoral, Duke & Dwyer 15103 (MO). El Valle, Dwyer & Correa 7998 (GH, MO, US); Lewis et al. 1713 (GH, MO, US). COLON: Santa Rita Ridge, Croat 14146 (MO). DARIEN: Cerro Pirre, Bristan 462 (MO); Duke 6570 (MO). Summit camp between Sasardi and Morti, Duke 10034 (MO). Cerro Pirre, Duke & Elias 13752 (GH, MO). Top of Cerro Mali, old helipad, Gentry & Mori 1366 (MO). Summit camp, Dari6n-San Blas border, Oliver et al. 3692 (COL, MO, UC, VEN). Cana-Cuasi Trail, Terry & Terry 1480 (MO). PANAMA: Cerro Jefe, Blum & Duke 2197 (MO). Cerro Campana, Blum et al. 2371 (MO). El Llano-Carti Road, 330 m, Croat 33742 (MO). Cerro Jefe, Duke 8018 (MO); Dwyer 444 (MO). Cerro Azul, Dwyer 1369 (MO). Cerro Jefe, Elias & Hayden 1797 (MO); Folsom 2012 (MO). El Llano-Carti road, 6 km N of Panamerican Highway, Folsom 2551 (MO). El Llano-Carti road, 13.7 km N of Panamerican Highway, Folsom 2579, 3505 (both MO). Top of Cerro Jefe, Folsom 3614 (MO). Cerro Campana, Hayden 118 (MO). Cerro Jefe, Kirkbride & Crebbs 33 (MO). Altos del Rio Pacora, Lewis et al. 2262 (COL, DUKE, K, MO), 2356 (COL, MO, UC, VEN). Cerro Jefe, Tyson 3189, 3205. 3231, 3254, 3285, 3288, 3373, 3389, 3425, 3546, 3577, 3588 (all MO); Witherspoon et al. 8282, 8503 (both MO). SAN BLAS: SE of Puerto Obaldia, Croat 16750 (MO). E of Cangandi-Mandinga airport road, 2-5 mi S of Mandinga airport, Duke 14771 (MO). Between Rio Diabolo and Rio Acuati near Nargana, Duke 14865 (MO). VERAGUAS: 3.9-5.0 mi N of Santa F6, Gentry 2951 (MO). Mouth of Rio Concepci6n, Lewis et al. 2806 (COL, DUKE, MO, UC, VEN). Cerro Hornitos, 2238 m, Mori & Bolten 7496 (MO). 10 km NW of Santa F6, road to Calov6bora, Mori & Bolten 7639 (MO). N of Santa F6, Escuela Agricola Alto de Piedra, Mori & Kallunki 2507 (MO).
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