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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/4/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 9/4/2013)
Species Gonzalagunia panamensis (Cav.) Schum.
PlaceOfPublication Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(6): 292. 1889.
Synonym Buena panamensis Cav., Anales Hist. Nat. 2: 279. 1800. TYPE: Panama, Nee (?MA). Gonzalea cornifolia H.B.K., Nov. Gen. Sp. P1. 3: 416. 1820. TYPE: not seen. Gonzalea panamensis Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 417. 1825. TYPE: Panama, Seemann 351 (BM, not seen; photo, MO). Gonzalea leptantha A. Rich. in Sagra, Hist. Cuba 11: 16. 1850. TYPE: Cuba, Ramon de la Sagra, not seen. Gonzalagunia leptantha Maza, Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 23: 289. 1894. TYPE: not seen. Gonzalea hayesii Wernham, J. Bot. 51: 219. 1913. TYPE: Panama, Hayes (BM). Duggena hayesdi (Wernham) Standley, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 18: 125. 1916. Duggena leptantha (A. Rich.) Standley, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 18: 125. 1916.
Description Shrubs to 10 ft tall, the branchlets terete, smooth, villosulose, the nodes well spaced, mostly 3-6 cm apart. Leaves elliptic or ovate elliptic, 5-13 cm long, 1- 4(-6) cm wide, acute at the apex, usually acuminate, the acumen to 2 cm long, cuneate to subobtuse at the base, often markedly inequilateral, the costa prom- inulous above and beneath; petioles slender, 1.0-1.5(-2.0) cm long, ca. 0.8 mm wide, pubescent; stipules ovate oblong, widely triangular to subulate, to 3 mm long, the awn usually evident, weak, as long as or longer than the body. Inflo- rescences terminal, solitary, to 31 cm long, the peduncles flagelliform, 1.5-4.0 cm long, to 0.2 cm wide, pubescent, the cymules sessile or subsessile, 0.5-1.0 cm apart; bracts linear subulate or triangular subulate, shorter than the hypan- thium or much longer, to 7 mm long, pubescent; pedicels short or absent. Flowers with the hypanthium subrotund, ca. 0.8 mm long, puberulent, the calyx ca. 1 mm long, the teeth 4, triangular, ca. 0.4 mm long, the cup stiffly petaloid, glabrous and eglandular within; corolla white, the tube narrowly cylindrical, 10.0-13.5 mm long (or longer), ca. 1 mm wide, petaloid, sparsely hairy outside, sometimes glabrescent, glabrous within, the lobes 4, oblong rotund, 3.2 mm long; stamens 4, the anthers narrowly oblong, 2.0-2.2 mm long, the filaments short, ca. 0.7 mm long, attached 3-4 mm below the mouth; style slender, 7-10 mm long, the stigmas 4, ca. 0.7 mm long. Fruits 4-lobed, rotund, 3-4 mm in diam., glabrous to pubes- cent, white or purple black at maturity.
Habit Shrubs
Distribution ranges from Mexico to Colombia, and it also occurs in the West Indies.
Note A common name in Panama is "Niguita." Stier 200 reports the common name "Ina Kapuriwiwa" by the San Blas Cuna Indians. Steyermark (1972) pointed out that Gonzalagunia cornifolia (H.B.K.) Standley (1929) is the "Gonzalagunia panamensis of Standley and other authors, not G. panamensis (Cav.) Schum," but he was referring to Standley's use of his name for plants of Venezuela, not his use of the name for plants of Panama.
Common Niguita Ina Kapuriwiwa
Reference Steyermark, J. A. 1972. The Botany of the Guayana Highlands-Part IX. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 23: 312.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: Changuinola Valley, Dunlap 496 (BM, US). CANAL ZONE: Anc6n, Heriberto (US). Cerro Luisa, Road C-2, Croat 10773 (MO). Ft. Sherman, Duke & Mussell 6639 (MO). Quarry Heights, Dwyer 2608 (MO). Fort Sherman, Dwyer 7183 (MO). Coco Solo, Dwyer & Duke 7883 (GH, MO, UC, US). K-9 Military Road, Ebinger 543 (MO). Balboa Heights, Greenman & Greenman 5032 (MO). Anc6n, Killip 12052 (US). Gamboa, Pittier 3711, 3785 (both US). Anc6n, Rowlee & Rowlee 396 (US). Anc6n Hill, Seibert 404 (MO). Balboa, Standley 26977 (US). Corozal, Standley 27358 (US). Fort Sherman, mouth of Chagres, Tyson 1536 (MO). Fort San Lorenzo, Tyson 2214 (MO). Miraflores, White & White 57 (MO). CHIRIQUi: El Hato (Volcdn), Ebinger 816 (MO). Frances Arriba School, 14 mi N of David, Lewis et al. 675 (GH, K, MO, NY). COCLE: El Valle, Blum et al. 2381 (MO); Duke 13271 (MO). Penonom6, Dwyer 2010 (MO). El Valle, Dwyer 2381 (MO). Near El Cop6, Garner 38 (MO). El Valle, Seibert 428 (MO). COLON: Portobelo, Croat 11412 (MO); Elias & Kirkbride 1642 (MO, UC, VEN); Folsom 3753 (MO); Gentry 1738 (MO). N side Rio Guanche, 1/2 km upstream from Puerto Pil6n-Portobelo Highway, Nee 7088 (MO). HERRERA: 10 mi S of Octi, Tyson 2844 (MO). PANAMA: Campana, Allen & Alston 1865 (MO). Pacora and Chepo, Dodge et al. 16667 (BM, MO). San Jos6 Island, Erlanson 544 (US). Chagres, Fendler 288 (MO). San Jos6 Island, Johnston 76 (MO). Las Cumbres, Rivera 18 (MO). Chepo, Tyson 1422 (MO). Veracruz, Wendehake 9 (MO). SAN BLAS: Between Rio Diablo and Rio Acuati, near Nargand, Duke 14859 (MO). Mainland opposite Achituppu, Lewis et al. 100 (GH, MO). Niatuppu, Stier 200 (MO). VERAGUAS: 5 mi NE of La Mesa, Blum & Tyson 668 (MO). Santiago, Dwyer 1253 (MO). Ponuga, Dwyer & Kirkbride 7441 (GH, MO, US). Santiago, Dwyer et al. 7557 (COL, MO, VEN, UC).
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