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Published In: Enumeratio Systematica Plantarum, quas in insulis Caribaeis 16. 1760. (Enum. Syst. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: Almost throughout the year in different parts of the country.
Type: Type: Domingo (Bominican Republic) Jacquin s.n. (P).
Distribution: Distribution: A native of tropical America. Commonly cultivated throughout the tropics. Cultivated almost all over Pakistan.
Map Location: C-6 Peshawar Dist.: Peshawar city Shahi Bagh (cult.), S.M.A. Kazmi & Khan Mohd. 4243 (KUH); C-7 Rawalpindi Dist.: Wah, M. Qaiser 287 (KUH); D-8 Lahore Dist.: Jehangir Tomb vicinity, M. Qaiser & Sultanul Abedin 5548 (KUH); G-4 Karachi Dist.: Chemistry Department, Karachi Univ., 8.31980, S. Nazimuddin s.n. (KUH); Paposh Nagar Garden, Nazimabad, Karachi, 12.3.1980, Abrar Hussain s.n. (KUH); Intelligence school, Karachi, 15.2.1956, Ruqayya Islam s.n. (KUH); Zoological Garden (Cult.), 13.4.1976, Saida Qaiser s.n. (KUH); Patel Park, Karachi, cultivated Nov. 1975, Saida Qaiser, Kausar & Abrar s.n. (KUH); Cantt. Station, Karachi, 22.12.1957, Anwer Iqbal s.n. (KUH).


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Evergreen shrub or small tree, up to c. 3 m, young branches angular, pubescent-puberulous or villous. Stipules 3-4 mm long. Leaves in whorls of 4, 3-12 x 2-4 cm, elliptic, oblong or oblong-ovate, glabrous-tomentose beneath, glabrate-glabrous above, rarely sparsely hairy, acute or acuminate, entire. Inflorescence terminal, compound scorpoid cymes. Flowers 2-3 cm long, scarlet, pedicel c. 1 mm long. Hypanthium bell shaped, 4.5 mm long, pubescent, lobes minute, deltoid. Corolla tubular, c. 1.5 cm long, 5-ridged, shortly 5-lobed. Stamens 5, filaments adnate near the middle of the corolla-tube, c. 3 mm long. Ovary surrounded by thick conical disc. Style 1.5 mm long. Fruit ellipsoid-oblong or globose, berry, c. 8 mm long, red in colour. Seeds brown or yellowish brown.
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