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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/11/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 9/11/2013)
Species Palicourea guianensis Aubl.
PlaceOfPublication Hist. P1. Guiane 1: 173. tab. 66. 1775.
Note TYPE: French Guiana, Aublet, not seen.
Description Shrubs or trees, 4(-7) m in height, the branchlets terete, ultimately angular, smooth, glabrous, usually drying black, often constricted below the nodes, mostly 6-8 cm apart. Leaves oblong, often widely so, occasionally ovate oblong or elliptic, rarely oblong rotund, 9.5-32.0 cm long, 4-17 cm wide, deltoid to occa- sionally obtuse or acute at the apex, often acuminate, the acumen mostly 1-2 cm long, often falcate, the base cuneate, acute, obtuse or rounded, often slightly inequilateral, the costa prominulous above, prominulous to prominent beneath, to 2.2 mm wide proximally, the lateral veins (11-)15-18, widely arcuate, the intermediate veins, if present, 1-2(-3) short, soon branching, subparallel to the laterals, the intervenal areas smooth, occasionally minutely punctate beneath; petioles 1.5-3.0 cm long, glabrous; stipules connate, to 10 mm long, the sheath short, glabrous, each part 2-lobed, the lobes oblong, often closely applied to the stem, usually 3-4 times the length of the sheath. Inflorescences terminal, usually solitary, rarely 2-3, paniculate, glabrous or occasionally puberulent, oblong, elon- gate dome shaped, hemispherical or triangular in outline, 15-22 cm long, 5-9 cm wide; peduncles erect, stiff, 8-14 cm long, angular, often lignose, 0.2-0.3 cm wide, the branches numerous and stout. Flowers pedicellate; hypanthium ca. 1 mm long, the calyx obsolete, the cup acetabuliform, scarcely measurable, the teeth scarcely measurable; corolla yellow, the tube cylindrical, somewhat con- stricted below the middle, expanded basally, 1-2 cm long, stiffly petaloid, pu- berulent outside, occasionally the hairs granulose, glabrous within, the lobes 5, triangular, often somewhat unequal in length, to 2 mm long, acute; stamens 5, the anthers oblong, 3-5 mm long, the filaments plane, glabrous, shorter than the anthers, attached near the middle of the tube; style slender, often as long as the tube, the stigmatic area to 6.5 mm long, the stigmas oblong, to 5 mm long, the ovarian disc compressed rotund, to 0.75 mm long. Fruits ovoid, to 5 mm long, conspicuously costate, glabrous, drying black, the persistent calycine cup and ovarian disc ca. 1 mm long.
Habit Shrubs or trees
Distribution extends from Guatemala south through Central Amer- ica and the Guianas of northern South America. It also occurs in the West Indies.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: Mile 10, railroad, Croat & Porter 16353 (MO). Chiriquicito, Lewis et al. 2045 (GH, K, MO, UC, US). Almirante, McDaniel 5053 (MO). Isla Col6n, Wedel 63 (MO). Water Valley, Wedel 897, 1524, 1612, 1840 (all MO). Chiriqui Lagoon, Wedel 1355 (MO). Old Bank Island, Wedel 2057, 2168 (both MO). Fish Creek Mountains, Chiriqui Lagoon, Wedel 2355 (MO). Fish Creek low- lands, Wedel 2384 (MO). CANAL ZONE: Mouth of Rio Chagres, Allen 896 (MO). Cruces Trail and Madden Dam Road, Bartlett & Lasser 16345 (MO). Gamboa and Pedro Miguel, Bartlett & Lasser 16509 (MO). Albrook, Blum 568 (MO). Cerro Viejo on K 16 C, Blum 1223 (MO). 2 mi from Gatun Locks, Blum 1489 (MO). Gaillard Highway, 1 mi NW of Summit, Blum 2344 (MO). Pipeline Road, Gamboa, Clewell & Tyson 3316 (MO). Albrook, Correa 33 (MO). Road K-6 E of Arraijan, Croat 15028 (MO). Between Locks and Fort Sherman, Croat 15362 (MO). Camp Pifia, Duke 4423 (MO). Hill C-6, Fort Sherman, Duke 4424 (MO). Road K-10, 1-2 mi from Kobbe, Duke 11695 (MO). Fort Sherman, Duke & Mussell 6635 (MO). K-6 Road, Dwyer 2850 (MO). Albrook, Dwyer 6748 (MO). Coco Solo, Dwyer & Duke 7884 (GH, MO). Gamboa, Navy Pipeline Road, Haines 545 (MO). Anc6n Hill, Killip 39950 (MO). Fort Gulick, Lazor & Blum 5394 (MO). Gat6n Lake, Lewis et al. 1832 (GH, MO, US). Gaillard Highway at Rio Masambi Grande, Nee 7066 (MO). Albrook Air Force Base, Stimson 5069 (MO). Fort Sherman, Road S-2, Stimson 5099 (MO). Albrook Air Force Base, Stimson et al. 5210 (MO). Farfan Beach, Sullivan 569 (MO). 6 mi N of Gamboa, Tyson 1494 (MO). Gatfn Railroad Station, Tyson 2281 (MO). BARRO COLORADO ISLAND: Croat 4608, 4898, 5408, 5568, 5836, 5957, 6184, 6364, 6380, 12426 (all MO); Ebinger 17 (MO); Hayden 2, 35 (both MO); Shattuck 954 (MO); Starry 6, 135 (both MO); Tyson 4208 (MO). COL6N: Santa Rita Ridge Trail, 17-35 km from Boyd-Roosevelt Highway, 400-800 m, Mori & Crosby 6322 (MO). DARIEN: Cerro Pirre, Bristan 505 (MO). El Real, Croat & Porter 15465 (MO). Rio Pirre, Croat & Porter 15536 (MO). 2-3 mi SE of El Real, Duke 4833 (MO). Rio Pifias, Duke 10547 (MO). Upper Rio Membrillo and Camp 7, Construction Road to San Blas, Duke 10893 (MO). Loma Cuasi, behind Manen&, Duke 13616 (MO). Rio Morti, Camp Morti Hydro, Duke 14119 (MO). Uruti River, Duke & Bristan 229 (MO). Cerro Pirre, Duke & Elias 13667, 13677 (both COL, MO, UC. VEN). Manen& to mouth of Rio Cuasi, Kirkbride & Bristan 1396 (MO). 0-2 mi E of Tres Bocas, Kirkbride & Duke 1156 (MO). N slope of Cerro Pirre, 300-700 m, Mori & Kallunki 5376 (MO). N slope of Cerro Pirre lower montane rain forest, 700-950 m, Mori & Kallunki 5469 (MO). LOS SANTOS: Loma Prieta, Duke 11862 (MO); Lewis et al. 2216 (GH, MO, US). PANAMA: Altos de Pacora, Busey 805 (MO). Cerro Jefe, Duke 9420 (MO); Dwyer et al. 5033 (MO, SCZ, UC); Kirkbride & Crebbs 23 (MO). SE slopes Cerro Trinidad, Kirkbride & Duke 1671 (MO). Cerro Azul, Tyson 2140 (MO). Chepo, Tyson 6774 (MO). Cerro Jefe, Tyson et al. 3331, 3430, 4368, 4400 (all MO). Arraijan, Woodson et al. 1365 (MO). SAN BLAS: SE of Puerto Obaldia, Croat 16735 (MO). Cuna Reservation, Rio Morti, 6 mi upstream from Morti Arriba, Duke 8449 (MO). Mulatuppu (Rio Ibedi), Duke 8484, 8486 (both MO). E of Cangandi-Mandinga Airport, 2-5 mi S of Mandinga, Duke 14775 (MO). Rio Mulutupu, Kirkbride 222 (MO). Opposite Ailigandi, Lewis et al. 210 (GH, K, MO, NY, UC, US). VERAGUAS: Rio de Jesus, Dwyer 1333 (MO).
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