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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 8/20/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 8/20/2013)
Species Cephaelis croatii Dwyer.
Note TYPE: Panama', Croat 27204 (MO, holotype; NY, isotype).
Description Shrubs 1.0-1.3 m tall, the branchlets glabrous, smooth, ultimately angular, the pith porate. Leaves elliptic oblong, 14.5-29.0 cm long, 5.5-9.0 cm wide, rounded or obtuse and abruptly acuminate at the apex, basally cuneate or atten- uate acute, somewhat inequilateral, the costa prominulous above, prominent be- neath, the lateral veins ca. 30, widely arcuate with an irregular vein between a pair of lateral veins, rigidly papyraceous, slightly discolorous, minutely puberu- lent; petioles 3-5 cm long, often twisted, to 0.25 cm wide, glabrate; stipules connate, often turgid, ovate oblong or oblong-rotund, to 1.5 cm long, narrow toward the apex, then each part splitting into 2 subulate or narrowly oblong ascending lobes, these to 0.7 cm long, subcoriaceous, glabrous. Inflorescences axillary, 5-6 cm long, 3.0-5.5 cm wide, drying black, the peduncle to 3 cm long, to 0.3 cm wide, twisted, plano compressed, the flowers aggregated into heads, these 6-8, oblong or rotund, to 1.5 cm wide, sessile or on branchlets, variable in length, to 2 cm long, puberulent; bracts rotund, outermost 8-10 mm long, 8 mm wide, concave, carnose, minutely pubescent outside, minutely ciliolate within, purple. Flowers with the hypanthium short, the calycine cup cylindrical, ca. 0.5 mm long, turgid, petaloid, with a gland at the base of adjacent lobes, the lobes 5, triangular subulate or narrowly oblong, 0.6-1.0 mm long, obtuse, glabrous within, ciliate; corolla white, the- tube cylindrical, ca. 6.5 mm long, somewhat dilated below the middle, glabrous outside, villose within, the lobes 5, lanceolate, ca. 2.3 mm long, somewhat cucullate; stamens 5, the anthers oblong, 1 mm long, obtuse, the filaments short; style slender, somewhat expanded toward the apex, the stigmas 2, short, rotund, wider than the style. Fruits not seen.
Habit Shrubs
Distribution known only from Panama.
Note It is named in honor of Thomas B. Croat, distinguished student of the flora of Panama. There are several distin- guishing characters: relatively broad leaves with numerous lateral veins; large bilobed stipules; and subrotund, capitate clusters of flowers, about 5 per head.
Specimen DARIEN: Upper gold mining camp of Tyler Kittredge, headwaters of Rio Tuquesa ca. 2 air km from continental divide, Croat 27204 (MO).
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