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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 8/21/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 8/21/2013)
Species Cephaelis panamensis Dwyer
Note TYPE: Panama, Mori & Kallunki 3714 (MO, holotype).
Description ?Shrubs, the branchlets woody, smooth, glabrous, the nodes swollen, well spaced except crowded at the apex of the branchlet. Leaves usually sessile, verticillately disposed at the apex of the branchlet, elliptic or obovate oblong, 15- 28 cm long, 7.5-15.0 cm wide, acute or deltoid at the apex, the base 1-2 cm wide, conspicuously truncate, often somewhat auriculate, the costa prominulous above, prominent beneath, to 0.3 cm wide, the lateral veins 15-17, strongly prominulous beneath, the lowermost often strict, the upper arcuate, the undulate submarginal vein inconspicuous, the intervenal areas patulous reticulate, the smaller veins pinnatiform, chartaceous, concolorous, green when dry, minutely puberulent be- neath; petioles absent or to 1.3 cm long, lignose, to 0.3 cm wide; stipules decid- uous, the scars conspicuous, to 6 mm long, to 2.5 mm wide. Flowers not seen. Inflorescences terminal, the fruits massed into a rounded head, to 3 cm in diam., the peduncle absent, the outermost bracts apparently few, triangular oblong, to
Habit Shrubs
Description 1.7 cm long, rigid, glabrous except ciliolate at the apex. Fruits sessile, oblong, rotund or truncate at the apex, to 1.2 cm long, smooth, glabrous, blackish green when dry, the calycine cup bowl shaped, ca. 1.5 mm long, to 2.5 mm wide, truncate, not lobed, rigid, minutely ciliolate, each pyrene drying tan brown with a slender median groove.
Distribution known only from Panama.
Note Unfortunately flowers were not collected and I am not certain that the species belongs in Cephaelis. The conglomerate inflorescences appear to be subtended by several bracts. The fact that some leaves are sessile and are basally truncate or vaguely auriculate is diagnostic. The relatively large fruit is more suggestive of Cephaelis than of Psychotria. The calycine cup is toothless and somewhat bowl-shaped.
Specimen COLON: Rio Guanche, ca. 2.5 km upriver from bridge on road to Portobelo, tropical wet forest along small creek to the S of the river, 10-100 m, Mori & Kallunki 3714 (MO).
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