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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 8/21/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 8/21/2013)
Species Cephaelis vultusmimi Dwyer.
Note TYPE: Panama, Gentry & Dwyer 4811 (MO, holotype).
Description Subshrubs to 0.5 m tall, the stem smooth, black or dark brown when dry, pilose, the hairs golden, slender, to 2 mm long, the nodes well spaced. Leaves oblong or oblong lanceolate, 9-15 cm long, 3-9 cm wide, deltoid or acute at the apex, acuminate, the acumen to 2.5 cm long, obtuse or truncate at the base, rarely subacute, often conspicuously inequilateral, the costa prominulous above, prominent beneath, the lateral veins ca. 11, strongly arcuate, subprominent be- neath, not forming an undulate submarginal vein, rigidly chartaceous, bullate but not drying bullate, concolorous, green with weak curled hairs above, often with withered stiffer and more elongate hairs beneath, those along the costa to 2 mm long, perpendicular; petioles 0.5-1.8 cm long, to 0.3 cm wide; stipules persistent, erect or spreading, free, the body rotund, the lobes 2, erect, widely subulate, 1.5-2.0 cm long, to 0.4 mm wide at the base, caudate tipped, scarious, densely golden hirsute, the hairs to 2 mm long. Inflorescences terminal, solitary, the peduncle to 8 cm long, to 0.5 cm wide including the hairs, densely golden-hirsute or barbate, the hairs to 2 mm long, the head ca. 5 cm wide; the large exterior bracts connate toward the base, triangular to 3.5 cm long, to 4.5 cm wide, bright red toward the base, purple to yellow in the middle, green toward the apex, venose, ciliate on both sides, the hairs similar to those of the leaves. Flowers with the calycine teeth triangular, unequal, to 1 mm long, hirsute marginally with a gland between adjacent teeth, these to 1/3 the length of the tooth.
Habit Subshrubs
Distribution known only from Panama.
Note It is the only new species in this paper without either a complete floral description or a fruit description. The inflorescence as found within the outermost bracts is very immature. I located one bud in which only the hypanthium and the calycine teeth were obvious. The corolla was very immature and little was discernible except the fact that the hairs were very dense. The bracts are strikingly unique and are suggested by the spe- cific name vultusmimi (clown's face). The leaves when seen in the field were bullate; this feature was lost in drying. A 2 x 2 Ektachrome of the species has been deposited in the herbarium of the Missouri Botanical Garden.
Specimen COL6N: Santa Rita Ridge Road, E. ridge, Gentry & Dwyer 4811 (MO).
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