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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/4/2013)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 9/4/2013)
Species Geophila repens (L.) Johnston
PlaceOfPublication Sargentia 8: 281. 1949.
Synonym Rondeletia repens L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10. 928. 1759. TYPE: Jamaica, not seen. Psychotria repens (L.) L., Amoen. Acad. 5: 377. 1759. Psychotria herbacea Jacq., Enum. P1. Carib. 16. 1760. TYPE: Martinique, not seen. Cephaelis reniformis H.B.K., Nov. Gen. Sp. P1. 3: 377. 1819. TYPE: not seen. Geophila cordata Miq., Linnaea 17: 72. 1843. TYPE: Surinam, Focke 471. Mapouria cordata (Miq.) Miill.-Arg., Mart. Fl. Bras. 6(5): 426. 1881. Mapouria herbacea (Jacq.) Mull.-Arg., Mart. Fl. Bras. 6(5): 427. 1881. Geophila herbacea (Jacq.) Schum., Engl. & Prantl. Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4. 4: 119. 1891. Geocardia herbacea (Jacq.) Standley, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 17: 444. 1914. Carinta repens (L.) Smith & Downs, Sellowia 7: 88. 1956. Carinta repens (L.) Brem., Verh. Kon. Nederl. Akad. Wetens 54: 118. 1963. Redundant combination. Carinta repens var. americana Brem., Verh. Kon. Nederl. Akad. Wetens, 119. 1963. TYPE: not seen.
Description Prostrate herbs, rooted at the nodes, the stems weak, the nodes well spaced. Leaves cordate, occasionally ovate rotund, (1.2-)1.7-4.5(-5.0) cm long, 1.3-4.2(- 5.0) cm wide, obtuse, widely deltoid or rounded at the apex, basally cordate, auriculate, the auricles overlapping, the lateral veins 5, the 3 proximal veins arising from a common point, prominulous beneath, the veinlets inconspicuous, glabrous to scabridulous above, glabrous beneath except on the costa, usually with cystoliths on the lower surface; petioles 0.6-4.5(-6.0) cm long; stipules not seen. Inflorescences capitate with the peduncle 0.8-5.0(-8.0) cm long, glabrous to papillate at anthesis, the flowers few; bracts subulate, to 5 mm long, pilose, the outermost often with 2 short lateral lobes at the base. Flowers (in bud) with the hypanthium oblong or rectangular, ca. 1 mm long, glabrous, the calycine cup funnel shaped, ca. 0.8 mm long, glabrous outside and inside, eglandular within, the calycine lobes 5, subulate or lanceolate, ca. 3 mm long, slightly unequal, to 1 mm wide at the base, pubescent marginally; corolla white or orange, clavate in bud, to 7 mm long (10 mm long, fide Johnston), fleshy, petaloid, pubescent es- pecially at the apex outside, glabrous and with numerous raphides within; stamens 5, the anthers oblong, ca. 1 mm long, obtuse; style slender, the stigmatic lobes 2, short. Fruits red, ovate oblong, to 0.5 cm long; calyx cup and lobes persistent, to 3.5 mm long; seeds twisted and rugulose.
Habit herbs
Distribution extends from Mexico throughout Central America, and in the Guianas, Venezuela, Colombia, south to Argentina. It also occurs in the West Indies.
Note Duke 14345 notes that the herb is used medicinally by the Bayano Cuna Indians, who call it, "Nomas Puruiwat."
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: Changuinola, Dunlap 565 (F). Chiriquicito to 5 mi S along Rio Guarumo, Lewis et al. 2097 (MO). Pumpkin River, Wedel 2577 (MO). CANAL ZONE: 2 mi from Gatfin Locks, Blum 1491 (MO). Summit Garden, Mori & Kallunki 1885 (MO). Balboa, Standley 25503 (MO). Old Fort Lorenzo, Tyson 2207 (MO). Gamboa, Tyson 4570 (MO). Fort Sherman, Tyson & Blum 1658 (MO). Miraflores Lake, White 252 (F). Salamanca Hydrographic Station, Rio Pequeni, Woodson et al. 1584 (F, MO). Vicinity of Summit Garden, Witherspoon & Witherspoon 8700 (MO). BARRO COLORADO ISLAND: Bailey & Bailey 3 (F); Bangham 558 (F); Bartlett & Lasser 16738 (MO); Croat 4347, 5834, 6464, 7976, 10171, 10382, 15121 (all MO); Ebinger 230 (F, MO); Fosberg 48163 (MO); Hayden 153, 1030 (both MO, UC, VEN); Salvoza 967 (F); Shattuck 130 (F, MO); Starry 286 (F, MO); Woodson & Schery 986 (MO). CHIRIQUf: San Bartolom6, Burica Peninsula, Woodson & Schery 919 (F, MO). DARIEN: Rio Chico, from junction with Rio Chucunaque to ca. 1 hour by outboard, Burch et al. 1080 (MO). Pinogana near El Real, Croat & Porter 15477 (MO). 10 mi S of El Real, Rio Pirre, Duke 5447 (MO). Rio Pucro to Quebra Maskia, Duke 13055 (MO). Quebrada "Comachimuricate" Correa Casa de Bartolo, Kennedy 2854 (MO). Rio Tuquesa, middle of Tuquesa Mining Co., camp called Charco Peje, Mori 7054 (MO). Paya, Rio Paya, Stern et al. 431A (MO). LOS SANTOS: Headwaters Rio Ped- regal, 25 mi SW of Tonosi, Lewis et al. 2903 (MO). PANAMA: El Llano and Rio Mamoni, Duke 5553 (MO). Piria Cafiasas Trail near Piria, Duke 14345 (MO). Arraijan, Woodson et al. 769 (MO).
 
 
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