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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/5/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 9/5/2013)
Species Hillia tetrandra Swartz
PlaceOfPublication Prodr. 58. 1788.
Note TYPE: Jamaica, Swartz (not seen).
Synonym Hillia maxonii Standley, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 18: 163. 1928. TYPE: Nicaragua, Maxon 7501 (US, holo- type).
Description Small shrubs, to 2 m tall, often epiphytic, the twiglets terete or angular, smooth, glabrous, the nodes well spaced. Leaves oblong rotund or ovate oblong, mostly equilateral, to 7 cm long, to 4 cm wide, usually deltoid, occasionally obtuse at the apex, obtuse, rounded or cuneate at the base, the costa plane proximally above, subprominulous proximally beneath, evanescent distally, the lateral veins ca. 5, arcuate, evanescent above and beneath, coriaceous, drying dark brown; petioles to 1 cm long, to 0.25 cm wide, shiny, puberulent to gla- brescent, the lamina decurrent on the upper side; stipules oblong, to 1.5 cm long, tapering, obtuse, coriaceous, glabrous. Flowers terminal, solitary, subsessile; hypanthium oblong, ca. 10 mm long, ca. 3.5 mm wide, glabrous, the lobes 5, often deciduous, 0.5-1.0 cm long or perhaps scarcely measurable; corolla white or yellow with the tube narrowly cylindrical, 4-5 cm long, 0.2-0.4 cm wide, often subfalcate, glabrous inside and out, the lobes 5, oblong, ca. 1.5 cm long, ca. 1.2 cm wide, glabrous; stamens 5, the anthers oblong, ca. 11 mm long, 2 mm wide, obtuse, the filaments short, ca. 1 mm long; style linear, ca. 5.5 cm long, ca. 0.9 mm wide, the stigmas about as wide as the style, to 12 mm long, villose. Fruits sessile, narrowly oblong, 5(-7) cm long, 0.4-0.9 cm wide, truncate or rounded, smooth, glabrous, lignose; seed ca. 2 mm long with a tuft of tawny hairs to 12 mm long.
Habit shrubs
Distribution occurs in the West Indies and throughout most of Central America.
Note One collection, Maxon & Harvey 8092 (US), has calycine lobes to 4 mm long; these are obtuse at the apex. In other respects it resembles the Panamanian material of Hillia tetrandra. Mori & Kallunki 5815 notes, "flower not opened when collected at 5:00 p.m. but opened in bag by 7:00 p.m. Moth pollinated?"
Specimen CHIRIQUi: San FMlix, Maxon & Harvey 8092 (US). N of San Felix at Chiriqui-Bocas del Toro border, Cerro Colorado Copper Mine Road, 5000-5500 ft, Mori & Kallunki 5815 (MO). COCLE: Cerro Valle Chiquito, Seibert 495 (MO). COLON: Santa Rita Ridge, Dwyer & Gentry 9394 (MO). PANAMA: Cerro Campana, Allen 1872 (F); Croat 14801 (MO). Goofy Lake, road to Cerro Jefe, Correa & Dressler 941 (MO). Cerro Campana, Dressler 3522 (MO). Cerro Jefe, Dwyer & Gauger 7377 (MO); Mori & Kallunki 6095 (MO). VERAGUAS: 5 mi W of Santa F6, Croat 23079 (MO).
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