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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/13/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 9/13/2013)
Species Psychotria chiapensis Standley
PlaceOfPublication Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23: 1390. 1926.
Note TYPE: Mexico, Purpus 6963 (US, holotype).
Synonym Cephaelis tetragona Donnell Smith, Bot. Gaz. 61: 376. 1916. TYPE: Costa Rica, Tonduz 11352, 12997 (F, holotypes) not Psychotria tetragona Seem.
Description Trees to 30 (40?) m tall, the branchlets terete, smooth, glabrate, often con- tracted markedly below nodes. Leaves oblong, 10-21 cm long, ca. 8 cm wide, tapering acutely at the apex, usually cuspidate, the cusp short, acute or obtuse, acute at the base, vaguely inequilateral, the costa plane to prominulous above, prominent beneath, to 0.15 cm wide proximally, the lateral veins to 13, widely arcuate ascending, the intervenal areas spreading reticulate, submembranaceous to chartaceous, glabrous; petioles to 2.5 cm long, to 0.15 cm wide; stipules per- sistent, ovate, 2-4 mm long, the 2 lobes short, broadly obtuse or the apex simply retuse, glabrate outside, villose within, the hairs elongate, appressed, proximal. Inflorescences large terminal heads 6-13 cm long, corymbose or cymose, the peduncle 2.5-5.0 cm long, subterete or angular, pubescent, bracts green, large, broad, rounded at the apex, to 7 mm long, to 9 mm wide, ciliolate. Flowers with the hypanthium and calycine cup oblong, 5.0-7.5 mm long, cuneate at the base, the hypanthium shorter than the cup, petaloid, glabrous or puberulent, often with several oblong glands at the base of the cup within, ca. 0.3 mm in diam., the calycine teeth absent or 5, deltoid, 1.2-2.0 mm long, corolla white, the tube to 4 cm long, ca. 0.8 mm wide in the middle, often curved, subcrassate, glabrous outside, densely villose in the uppermost 13 within, the lobes 5, oblong, 6-9 mm long, ca. 2.5 mm wide, glabrous; stamens 5, the anthers elongate, oblong, to 5.5 mm long, slightly thicker above the middle, versatile, the filaments 0.8-2.2 mm long, slender attached below the mouth; the style slender, 2.5-4.0 cm long, ca. 0.4 mm wide, villosulose above the middle; the 2 stigmas spreading, oblong, to 1.7 mm long; ovarian disc pulvinate, ca. 0.6 mm long. Fruits oblong, 1.5-2.0 cm long, 0.8-1.0 cm wide, capped by the persistent calyx, glabrate, the pyrenes 2, the ventral face of the seed plane, the dorsal face 3-costate, the albumen with a T-shaped fissure on the ventral face, the dorsal face entire, triangular in median cross section.
Habit Trees
Distribution ranges from Mexico to Peru.
Note It has the longest corolla tubes and the largest fruits among the Panamanian species of Psychotria.
Common Coco Bolito
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: Lincoln Creek, Carleton 86 (F). Cricamola Valley, Almirante, Cooper 543 (F). Haras San Miguel, N of Concepcion, Folsom 3940 (MO). Changuinola, Dunlap 17 (F); Lewvis et al. 967 (MO). 10-15 mi S from mouth of Rio Changuinola, Lewis et al. 972 (F, GH, K, MO, NY, UC, US). Chiriquicito, to 5 mi S of Rio Guarumo, Lewis et al. 2106 (MO). Chiriqui Lagoon, Valley of Biarra River, Seibert 1537 (MO, US). Water Valley, Wedel 655 (MO), 780, 937 (both G, MO). Chiriqui Lagoon, Wedel 1071, 1394 (both MO). Garay Creek, Wedel 2635 (MO). Rio Cricamola, between finca St. Louis and Kinkintoe, Woodson et al. 1917 (MO). CHIRIQUf: Cerro Galera Chorcha, Allen 507 (F). Progreso, Cooper & Slater 299 (F). SAN BLAS: Inland from airport at Mandinga, Duke 8924 (MO).
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