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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/13/2013)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 9/13/2013)
Species Psychotria cooperi Standley
PlaceOfPublication Publ. Field Columbian Mus., Bot. Ser. 4: 296. 1929.
Note TYPE: Panama, Cooper 577 (F, holotype; NY, isotype)
Description Trees or shrubs, 2-10 m tall, the branchlets angular, smooth, glabrous, the nodes well spaced, swollen with persistent stipules. Leaves oblong, to 12.5 cm long, to 6 cm wide, tapering obtusely, cuspidate, the cusp when elongate slender, to 1.8 cm long, falcate, cuneate to obtuse at the base, the costa prominulous above, subplane beneath, the lateral veins 10-15, strongly arcuate, plane to prom- inulous above, prominulous beneath, the subparallel veins between pairs of lateral veins evanescent, the intervenal areas spreading reticulate, somewhat evanescent above, villosulose on the costa and on some veins beneath, slightly marginate, stiffly chartaceous to membranous, discolorous, glabrous except the costa and larger veins; petioles to 2.8 cm long, to 0.15 cm wide; stipules persistent, ?connate at base, oblong, 1.0-1.2 cm long, 0.9 cm wide, bilobed, the 2 lobes obtuse, much shorter than the sheath, marginally villose, at first scarious then becoming woody, glabrous. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, hemispherical or oblong rotund, to 3 cm long, to 3.8 cm wide, at anthesis presumably erupting from the enveloping terminal stipule, the peduncle less than 1 cm long, with 4-5 radiate branches, these slender or stout, to 1(-2) cm long, angular, glabrous; bracts few, large, involucrate, compressed rotund, the outer to 5.5 mm long, to 7 mm wide, petaloid, glabrous, venose, the margin undulate or shallow retuse, each bract with 2 patches of subulate glands, each patch to 2 mm long, purple, with ca. 20 glands. Flowers few, the pedicels usually fleshy, glandular, glabrous, 1.0-1.8 mm long, often wider than the short hypanthium, the calycine cup chaliciform, 0.3-1.0 mm long, glabrous, carnose, eglandular within, the teeth 5, triangular, to 1 mm long, subequal or obviously unequal; corolla white, cylindrical, to 4.2 mm long, car- nose, glabrous outside, densely villose within on the upper 2/3, the lobes 5, ovate oblong, to 2.5 mm long; stamens 5, style to 5 mm long, often hidden in the hairs of the tube, the anthers narrowly oblong, 1.5-2.0 mm long, vaguely apiculate, the filaments short, attached near the middle of the tube; stigmas 2, short, obtuse, the ovarian disc annular or hemispherical, 0.3-1.0 mm high. Fruits turbinate, to 1(-1.5) cm long, capped by a cylindrical calyx, the 5 lobes scarcely evident or to 0.35 cm long, narrowly oblong; pyrenes black, conspicuously costate outside, the endocarps with a large basal pore; pedicels to 3 mm long.
Habit Trees or shrubs
Distribution known only from Panama and Colombia.
Note Forero 734 lists the corolla color as "lila"; perhaps he is referring to the bracts.
Common Cocobolito
Specimen COCLE: Cerro Caracoral, Duke & Dwyer 1576 (MO). Cerro Pil6n, Dwyer & Lallathin 8684 (MO). Cerro Caracoral, Kirkbride 1092 (MO). VERAGUAS: 5 mi NW of Santa Fe, Liesner 957 (MO). I1 km from Escuela Agricola Alto de Piedra, Mori & Kallunki 3118 (MO). NW of Santa Fe, 11 km from Escuela Agricola de Piedra, Valley of Rio Dos Bocas, Mori et al. 3873 (MO). 7 mi W of Santa Fe, 2900 ft, Nee 11209 (MO). COLOMBIA: CHOCO: Rio Curiche and Alto Curiche, Duke 9589 (MO). Regi6n Del Rio Pichima Communidad Indigena Waunana, Forero 734 (MO). Carretera Ansermanuevo-San Jose del Palmar, Alto del Galapago, 2000 m, Forero et al. 2908 (MO).
 
 
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