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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/16/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 9/16/2013)
Species Psychotria psychotriaefolia (Seem.) Standley
PlaceOfPublication Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 18: 133. 1916.
Synonym Cephaelis psychotriaefolia Seem., Bot. Voy. Herald 138. 1852. TYPE: Panama, Seemann 482 (BM, not seen; photo, MO).
Description Shrubs or small trees, the branchlets terete, smooth, glabrous to ferrugineous tomentose, the nodes well spaced. Leaves lanceolate or obovate oblong, 4-18 cm long, 2.0-8.5 cm wide, usually acute, occasionally deltoid, often drawn into a triangular apical point, basally attenuate acute, rarely subobtuse, the costa prominulous to plane, sometimes grooved above, prominent beneath, to 0.15 cm wide proximally, the secondary veins 12-20, arcuate, uniting to form a submar- ginal vein ca. 1 mm from the margin, prominulous above and beneath, the inter- venal areas smooth, the veinlets evanescent, papyraceous to subcoriaceous, often gray or gray red above, often drying dull red beneath, glabrous above, glabrate or farinose puberulent beneath, especially on the veins; petioles absent or to 0.7 cm long, the lamina decurrent; stipules connate but at maturity often tearing and thus appearing free, closely appressed, thin, deciduous, each part to 2 cm long, the sheath cylindrical, subtruncate, the 2 awns long attenuate, shorter than the sheath, ciliate. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, the peduncles rarely absent, usually 3-5 per axil, spreading radially, to 2.5 cm long, often branched apically, the branches 2-3 times as long as the peduncle or shorter than the peduncle, rufous pubescent, angular, the flowers in conglomerate heads, to 1.5 cm wide. Flowers with the hypanthium short, the calycine cup much shorter than the calycine lobes, the latter narrowly oblong, to 1.5 mm long, acute or obtuse, glabrous inside and out; corolla white, the tube short, 1.2-2.0 mm long, petaloid, glabrous outside, villose within at filament attachment, the lobes 5, oblong, cu- cullate, slightly shorter than or as long as the tube; stamens 5, the anthers oblong rotund, ca. 0.5 mm long, the filaments ca. 0.8 mm long; stigmas 3, subulate, the style slender, the ovarian disc oblong, ca. 0.7 mm long. Fruits ovoid to oblong, ca. 7 mm long, usually 2 times longer than broad, drying red, the mesocarp thick, fleshy, sweet, the 2 pyrenes oblong elliptic, the ventral side flattened, the dorsal side with 10 grooves, glabrescent, the raphides numerous, the calycine cup per- sistent but withered.
Habit Shrubs or small trees
Distribution extends from Costa Rica to northern South Amer- ica, being reported from Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador.
Specimen PANAMA: BOCAS DEL TORO: Almirante, G. P. Cooper 557 (F). Changuinola Valley, Dunlap 229 B (F, US). Susurba, Rio Changuinola, Dwyer 4399 (US). Rio Teribe between Quebrada Treglo and Puerto Palenque, Kirkbride & Duke 525 (MO). Changuinola to 5 mi S at junction of Rio Changuinola and Rio Teribe, Lewis et al. 963 (GH, K, MO, NY, UC, US). Chiriquicito to 5 mi S along Rio Guarumo, Lewis et al. 2103 (GH, MO, UC, US, VEN). Without other locality, Wedel 364 (F, MO). CANAL ZONE: Without other locality, Duke 6130 (MO). Fort Sherman, Duke 9244 (MO); Dwyer 8590 (MO). Madden Dam, Boy Scout Road, Dwyer & Hayden 7 (MO). Frijoles, Ebinger 90 (MO, US). Chagres, Fendler 58 (MO, US). Fort Sherman, Hayden 104 (MO). Mindi Hills, Johnston 1636 (MO). Pipeline Road, Kennedy & Wilder 3103 (MO). 3 mi E of Coco Solo Hospital, Lazor & Blum 5396 (MO). Rio Masambi Grande 80-100 m, Nee 9419 (MO). Rio Tapia, Standley 38129 (US). Rio Pedro Miguel, Standley 29941 (US). France Field, Standley 30370 (US). Fort Sherman, Standley 31071 (US). 6 mi N of Gamboa, Tyson 1496 (MO). Madden Lake, Boy Scout Camp, Tyson 5447 (MO). Fort Sherman, Tyson & Blum 1677 (MO); Tyson & Dwyer 1184 (MO). Pipeline Road, Witherspoon & Witherspoon 8301 (MO). BARRO COLORADO ISLAND: Croat 12883 (MO). CHIRIQUf: Boquete, Davidson 709 (F, US), 849 (F). COCLE: El Valle, Allen & Alston 1853 (F, US). Cerro Gaital Caracoral, Dwyer & Lallathin 8950 (MO). COL6N: 4 m SW of Portobelo, Croat 14114 (MO). Rio Guanche ca. 2.5 km upriver from bridge, road to Portobelo, Crosby & Denslow 6475 (MO). Rio Guanche, 1-4 km upstream from Portobelo, Gentry 8813 (MO). 2-3 mi up Rio Guanche, Kennedy & Foster 2135 (MO). Rio Guanche, 2.5 km from bridge, road to Portobelo, Mori et al. 6475 (MO). Rio Guanche, 6 km S of Portobelo, Nee & Gentry 8725 (MO). DARIEN: Rio Tuqueza below Quebrada Venado, Bristan 1037 (MO). Rio Aruza, Bristan 1368 (MO). Cativo Camp, ca. 6 mi NW of El Real, Duke 4824 (F, MO). Rio Tucuti, ca. 2 hrs by piragua above Tucuti, Duke 5263 (MO). 10 mi S of El Real on Rio Pirre, Duke 5412 (MO). Rio Sambu, 0-5 mi above Rio Venado, Duke 9273 (MO). Rio Pucro to Quebrada Maskia, Duke 13081 (MO). Rio Morti, Drill Site 7, Duke 14185 (F, MO). Rio Pirre near town of Pirre, Gentry & Clewell 6938 (MO). Manene to mouth of Rio Cuasi, Kirkbride & Bristan 1449 (MO). Upper Rio.Tuquesa, Le Clezio 52 (MO). Rio Tuquesa, Lower Tuquesa Mining Camp, Mori 6933 (MO). PANAMA: Rio Chagres, Duke 4474 (MO). Goofy Lake, Dwyer & Hayden 8042 (COL, DUKE, MO, UC, VEN). Gorgas Memorial Labs, 25 km NE of Cerro Azul on Rio Piedras, Mori & Kallunki 3465 (MO). Tumba Muerto Road, Standley 29816 (US). Near Arraijan, Woodson et al. 776 (MO). SAN BLAS: Rio Cuadi, ca. 6 mi SW of Mulatupu, Duke 14210 (F, MO). Headwaters of Rio Cuadi, Camp Diabolo (Drill Site 22), Duke et al. 3616 (MO, SCZ), 3655 (MO). VERAGUAS: Coiba Island, Collenette 466 (US). COLOMBIA: CHOCO: Madurex Logging Camp, Duke 9973 (MO).
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