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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 122. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Type: Lectotype: India, Herb. Linn. 164.l(LINN).
Distribution: Distribution: Widely distributed in the drier parts of W. Pakistan, Arabia, Palestine, Syria & Africa.
Comment/Acknowledgements: In view of considerable overlap, we have not followed Verdcourt (l.c.) in recognising the infraspecific categories.

The branches are commonly used as a toothbrush. The young branches and the leaves are a favourite fodder for camels. The fruit is eaten when ripe and used medicinally.

Illustration: Salvadora persica L. (Illustration)
Map Location: Sind: F-4 Dadu Distt.: Between Sehwan and Laki Shah, 3.4.1959, S. I. Ali 517 (KUH) ; G-4 Thatta Distt.: Near Bhambhore Excavation, saline soil, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 4191 (KUH) ; G-4 Karachi Distt.: Manghopir, 29.l.1959 S.I. Ali s.n. (KUH) ; G-5 Hyderabad, 29.10.1957, I.I. Chaudri s.n. (KUH) ; Dadu Distt. : 43 miles from Hyderabad on way to Sehwan, Sultanul Abedin & S. A. Faruqi 234 (KUH) ; c. 4 miles from Naokot, on way to Diplo, S. I. Ali, S. A. Faruqi & Sultanul Abedin 4321 (KUH) ; 19 miles from Mirpurkhas on way to Khipro, Sultanul Abedin 4289 (KUH).

 

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An evergreen, profusely branched, glabrous shrub or a small tree, up to 2-6 m tall. Branches drooping with bark whitish yellow to almost white but on the stem somewhat rugose and grey. Leaves sub-fleshy; petiole l-2.1 cm long; lamina l-5.5 cm long, 0.8-2.3 cm broad, elliptic ovate, acute or mucronate sometimes obtuse; acute or rarely rounded at base; lateral nerves 5-6 pairs. Inflorescence drooping, panicled, 5-31 cm long. Flowers greenish yellow, 3-4 mm across; pedicel l-2 mm long. Calyx c. 1 mm long with round lobes. Corolla campanulate, 4-lobed, c. 3 mm long; apex acute to mucronate, reflexed. Stamens 4, inserted at the base of corolla tube, shorter than the corolla but exserted due to reflexed corolla lobes. Ovary 1-locular, glabrous; style absent; stigma more or less peltate. Fruit a drupe, 2.5-5 mm in diameter, globose, smooth, red or white on maturation.
 
 
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