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Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelleSearch in Type Specimen Register of the U.S. National HerbariumSearch in Virtual Herbaria AustriaSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum. . . . 1: 342, pl. 70, f. 3. 1788. (Fruct. Sem. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per.: May -June.
Type: Type: Probably described from Japan.
Distribution: Distribution: Indigenous to China; cultivated in Japan, S.W. India, Bengal and W. Pakistan.
Comment/Acknowledgements: The ‘soap-nut’ tree is cultivated for its fruit, the pericarp of which is saponaceous and used for washing clothes and hair. It also makes a good roadside tree.
Photo: Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn. (Photo)
Map Location: C-7 Rawalpindi Dist.: near Christ Church, R. Pindi, Y. Nasir 6746 (RAW); ib., M.A. Siddiqi 6747 (RAW); C-8 Kashmir: Mirpur, A. Rashid s.n. 28-vii-1953 (RAW).

 

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A deciduous tree up to 20 m tall. Leaves pinnate, 15-35 cm long, glab¬rous; leaflets sub-sessile, 4-8 pairs, opposite to sub-opposite, lanceolate to oblong, 6-15 cm long, 3-5 cm broad, entire, acute to acuminate, oblique. Flowers sub-sessile, greenish-yellow in terminal, pubescent panicles; pedicel up to 4 mm in fruit; bract 1 mm long, subulate, margin glandular. Sepals unequal, c. 2 mm long, elliptic-oblong to ovate, margin ciliate, glandular at the tip. Petals 5, 3 mm long, lanceolate-ovate, clawed, ciliate, with 2 woolly scales on the claw. Disc 5-ridged, glabrous. Stamens 8, free; filament c. 3 mm long, lower half pubescent; anthers 0.5 mm long, oblong, non-functional in the female. Ovary sessile, 2-4 mm long, obovate, 3-locular, glabrous, rudimentary in the male flower; stigma 3-lobed. Berry globose, 1.5-2.5 cm long, hard or coriaceous when dry, yellowish-brown, 1-seeded, 2 undeveloped cocci at the base. Seed 1.4 cm in diameter, black to dark brown.
 
 
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