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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/15/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 5/15/2013)
Species Capsicum chinense Jacq.
PlaceOfPublication Hort. Bot. Vindob. 3: 38, tab. 67. 1776.
Description Small, short lived shrub to 1.5 m tall, glabrate or puberulent. Flowers mostly 2-5 per node; pedicels recurving and becoming thick in fruit; calyx with a pronounced constriction between the base of the calyx and pedicel, teeth mostly absent; corolla dull white or somewhat greenish; the lobes spreading to recurved; anthers blue to violet, rarely yellow; the stigma not exserted from the anthers more than 1 mm. Fruit pendant, persistent, variously shaped, but often with longitudinal furrows, the fruit wall fleshy, ripening brown, red, orange, pink, yellow or almost white; seeds cream to yellow.
Habit shrub
Distribution Capsicum chinense is cultivated from the southern United States to Chile.
Note Negro populations in the Caribbean area commonly grow it for use in soups and stews. In some strains from the Antilles or the Portobelo region of Panama, the fruit resembles a miniature, shiny plastic replica of the fruit of Hura crepitans. This species has a much thicker, more fleshy fruit-wall than other species and is the only pepper in Panama which sometimes ripens with a decidedly pink hue. The distinctions between C. frutescens and C. chinense are not always clear, but most Panamanian material is identifiable by the con- stricted calyx and other characters mentioned above.
Specimen LOS SANTOS: Near headwaters of Rio Pedregal, 25 mi. SW of Tonosi, 2,500-3,000 ft, cloud forest and native clearing, Lewis et al. 2925 (MO).
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