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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/15/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 5/15/2013)
Subspecific Capsicum annuum var. annuum
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 188. 1753.
Note LECTOTYPE: Hort. Cliff. 59 (BM).
Description Herb or small shrub to 1.5 m tall, short-lived perennial or cultivated as an annual, mostly glabrate. Leaves mostly ovate, subentire, to 15 cm long; petioles often elongate. Flowers mostly solitary, rarely in pairs; pedicels slender to very thick, often enlarging in the distal portion; calyx truncate or with umbos less than 0.5 mm long, constricted at the base only tardily under stress of the en- larging fruit; corolla white, rarely with a bluish hue, mostly lacking yellow, green or brown markings, lobed about halfway, the lobes obtuse and about as long as broad; the anthers more-or-less violet, sometimes drying green, the filaments short. Fruit extremely variable as to size, shape, color and flavor.
Habit Herb shrub
Note This is the most widespread species of Capsicum and it is probably cultivated in every country in the world. In Panama it is widely cultivated as a dooryard crop and sometimes commercially. Variety annuum is considered to embrace the cultivated plants of the species which usually have larger flowers and fruits than the wild plants. In towns and near dwellings in the countryside, intermediates are to be found.
Specimen CANAL ZONE: Gamboa, Standley 28523 (US). Rio Paralso above East Paraliso, Standley 29880 (US). Frijoles, Standley 31479 (US). Barro Colorado Island, D'Arcy 5508 (MO); Croat 6252, 6683, 9007 (all MO). PANAMA: Weed behind cantina, Cafiita, D'Arcy 5187 (MO).
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