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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 1/14/2013)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 1/14/2013)
Species LANGSDORFFIA HYPOGAEA Mart.
PlaceOfPublication Eschweg. Journ. Bras. 2:178, t. 5. 1818.
Synonym Langsdorffia janeirensis Rich. in Mem. Mus. Par. 8:412, t. I9. 1822. Langsdorffia moritziana Klotzsch & Karst. in Linnaea 20:461. 1847. Thonningia janeirensis (Rich.) Liebm. in Forh. Skand. Naturf. Christ. 180. 1847. Thonningia mexicana Liebm. loc. cit. 1847. Langsdorflia rubiginosa Wedd. in Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 3. 14:1 87. 1 8 5 0. Seuftenbergia moritziana (Klotsch & Karst.) Eichl. in Mart. Fl. Bras. 42:10. 1869, nom. nud. in synon.
Description Rhizome digitiform, canescent-tomentose. Staminate inflorescence clavate, the peduncle 2-5 cm. long, scaly, surrounded at the base by a lobed sheath, the lobes deltoid, 0.5-1.0 cm. long and broad, canescent-tomentose, the scales stiff, ciliate, enclosing the head when immature, lower scales ovate, about 1 cm. long, 5-7 mm. broad, upper scales lanceolate, to 3.5 cm. long, 1 cm. broad, the head ellipsoid, 5-7 cm. long, about 3 cm. in diameter. Staminate flowers based on Brazilian specimens: pedicel 6-10 mm. long; tepals 3 (or 2), free, ovoid, about 3 mm. long, 1.5-2.0 mm. broad, becoming widely reflexed, glabrous; stamens 3, the filaments about 0.5 mm. long, completely connate, the anthers connate below, free above. Pistillate inflorescence generally capitate to clavate, the peduncle and vesture as in the staminate inflorescence, the head subglobose, 2-4 cm. long, 4.5 cm. in diameter. Pistillate flowers: free but tightly agglutinated with one another above due to a waxy secretion; perianth epigynous, connate into a curious tubular or obovoid structure, 1.5-2.5 mm. long, 0.5-0.75 mm. in diameter, surrounding the style and in intimate contact with it, the perianth lobes 2, short; ovary ellipsoid, about 1 mm. long, 0.5 mm. in diameter, the style 1, 0.5-1.5 mm. long, slender, spirally twisted, the stigma minutely capitate. Fruit ellipsoid, about 1 mm. long, 0.5 mm. in diameter.
Note The only specimen examined was collected flowering and fruiting in July at an altitude of 2000-2500 meters.
Elevation 2000-2500 meters
Specimen CHIRIQUI: forested ridges south of Finca Lerida, Allen 4773.
 
 
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