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Published In: Flora indica; or, descriptions of Indian Plants 3: 153–154. 1832. (Fl. Ind. (ed. 1832)) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl.Per.: December-March
Type: Type: Described from Bengal.
Distribution: Distribution: India and Bangla Desh; cultivated elsewhere.
Comment/Acknowledgements: A coarse fibre obtained from the inner bark is used in making ropes, cordage and bags. Trunk yields a transparent gum and root is occasionally eaten.
Illustration: Sterculia villosa Roxb. (Illustration)
Map Location: C-7 Rawalpindi Dist.: Panjar, R.R.Stewart 28583 (RAW); D-8 Lahore Dist.: Lawrence Garden, Lahore, flowers yellow, height up to 15 m, cultivated tree, Saida Qureshi s.n. (KUH).


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A medium sized, monoecious tree. Leaves with 25-40cm long petiole; lalmina palmately 5-7-lobed, 20-40 cm long and broad, glabrescent above, tomentose below, cordate at the base, lobes somewhat oblong or obovate entire or 3-fid, acuminate-cuspidate. Panicles 15-30 cm long, rusty pubescent, pendulous. Flowers unisexual, pedicel4-8 mm long, bracteole filiform, caducous. Calyx campanulate, 5-partite, 6-10 mm long, 10-15 mm across, yellow with pinkish throat, lobes lanceolate, 4-6 mm long, patent, acute. Staminal column 4-5 mm long, recurved, glabrous, anthers 10. Carpels 5; ovary globose, strigose, 5-loculed, many-ovuled; gynophore 2-3 mm long; style recurved. Follicles 5, sessile, 4-6 cm long, coriaceous, rusty pubescent, many-seeded, red when ripe. Seeds oblong, smooth, black.
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