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Published In: Annales Musei Botanici Lugduno-Batavi 3: 102. 1867. (Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl.Per.: April-June.
Type: Type: Described from Japan.
Distribution: Distribution: Himalayas, 3-8000 ft., from North Eastern Pakistan eastwards to Sikkim, Bhutan, Tibet, Burma, E. China, Korea and Japan.
Comment/Acknowledgements: The hard, close grained, white wood is not much used due to splitting and twisting on seasoning but it has been recommended for bending or turning. A yellow dye is obtained from leaves and bark. The plant has been introduced in many countries as a hardy ornamental for beautiful fragrant flowers.
Photo: Symplocos paniculata Miq. (Photo)
Map Location: C-8 Azad Kashmir, Kotli,19.7.1953, A.Rashid, E.Nasir & R.R. Stewart, s.n. (RAW); Poonch, Jan Mohammad (RAW).


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Large shrub or medium-sized tree, profusely branched, usually less than 10 m high. Stem and older branches rough with greyish bark, young shoots hairy. Leaves deciduous, thin, elliptic or broadly elliptic to rotundate, blade 4-8 cm long, 3.5-5.5 cm broad, minutely hairy on veins beneath or glabrous, attenuate at the base, subacute, apiculate to mucronate at the apex; petiole 4-6 mm long, minutely hairy. Panicles terminal and axillary, 3-10 cm long, pilose. Flowers white, c. 8-10 mm across, fragrant; pedicel c. 5 mm long, pilose; bracts setaceous, c. 2-3 mm long, caducous. Sepals united into a turbinate, glabrous, c. 1.5 mm long tube; lobes c. 1.5 mm long, reniform with ciliate margins. Petals 5, white, basally slightly united, elliptic-oblong, 4-5 mm long, c. 2.5 mm broad, apex obtuse dentate. Stamens numerous, united at the base into 5 fascicles of 6-12 stamens each, epipetalous, filaments linear-lanceolate, variable in length, 2.5-5 mm long. Ovary bicarpellate, inferior, 2-loculed, each locule 2-3-ovuled; style c. 3.5 mm long. Fruit ovoid to globose, c. 6 mm long, bright blue, glabrous.
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