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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 444–445. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl.Per.: April-October.
Type: Type: Herb.Linn. 621.1 and 621.2(LINN).
Distribution: Distribution: India, Tibet, Pakistan westwards to North Africa, Europe and Russia.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Seed powder is used in asthma, colic and jaundice and as an anthelmintic against tapeworms and for reducing temperature in chronic malaria. Seeds are regarded as narcotic, hypotonic, antispasmodic, antiperiodic, emetic, alterative, lactagogue. Decoction of seeds is given in laryngitis. It increases the flow of milk and is stimulant and abortifacient. The smoke is considered antiseptic and wounds are fumigated by burning seeds and leaves. The seeds and root contain four alkaloids, harmaline, harmine, peganine and harmalol to the extent of 4%.
Map Location: B-8 Baltistan Dist.:Near Skardu, c. 2500 m, R.R. Stewart 20341(RAW); Kiris, Baltistan, E. Nasir & G.L. Webster 6309(RAW); C-6 Dera Ismail Khan Dist.: Pezu and Tank, Fritz Grohman 6227(RAW); Peshawar Dist.: c. 10 miles from Naushera towards Peshawar, S.I. Ali & S.A. Farooqi 1678(KUH); C-7 Campbellpur Dist.: Hassan Abdal., S.M.A. Kazrni s.n. 4.5.52 (KUH;PES); D-4 Quetta Dist.: On way to Urak,S.L Ali 1173, 1197(KUH); between Chaman and Quetta, M. Qaiser & A.Ghafoor 1290(KUH); Chaman, Sultanul Abedin 3161(KUH); D-4 Sibi Dist.: Between Ziarat and Quetta, M. Qaiser 115 (KUH); Quetta,26.5.55, S. Kitamura s.n. (KUH); E-3 Chagi Dist.: Nushki, M.G. Koniezny s.n. 12.5.69, (KUH); ibid, M. Qaiser 75(KUH); D-5 Zhob Dist.: between Shingar and Fort Sandeman, M. Qaiser & A.Ghafoor 1566(KUH); D-5 Lora Lai Dist.: Ziarat to Lora Lai, beyond Juniper tract Lamond 1221 (KUH;E); F-3-4 Kalat Dist.: Panjgore to Surab, Lamond 663(KUH;E); Kalat Dist.: between Quetta and Nushki, Sultanul Abedin 5024(KUH); Wadh, M. Qaiser & A. Ghafoor 1160 (KUH); G-3 Kalat Dist.: between Bella and Wadh, M. Qaiser & A.Ghafoor 1169 (KUH); G-2 Makran Dist.: between Hushab and Panjgore, S.I. Ali, S.A. Farooqi & Sultanul Abedin 1994(KUH); Awaran, M. Qaiser, Asad Raza & Abrar Hussain 762 (KUH).


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Perennial, 25-60 cm tall, corymbosely branched, glabrous herb. Leaves sessile,4-8 cm long, irregularly and pinnatisectly dissected into 3-5 cm long, 2-5 mm broad, linear-lanceolate or subelliptic, acute segments ;stipules setaceous, 1.5-2.5 mm long. Flowers white or yellowish white, c.2-2.5 cm across; pedicel 1.2 cm long, filiform. Sepals 5,linear, 10-15(-18)mm long, glabrous, acute, entire or rarely pinnatifid. Petals 5,oblong or oblong-elliptic, subequal, 10-14(-16) mm long,5-8 mm broad, obtuse. Stamens mostly 15, rarely less, filaments 4-5 mm long, anthers longer than filaments, c. 6 mm long, dorsifixed. Ovary with 8-10 mm long style, the upper 6 mm triangular or 3-keeled. Capsule 6-10 mm across, trigonous, depressed or retuse at the apex, with persistent style. Seeds blackish-brown, triangular, c. 2 mm long.
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