1. Acroporium Mitt. 顶胞藓属 ding bao xian shu
J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 10: 182. 1868. Rhaphidostegium sect. Acroporium (Mitt.) Besch., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 6, 10: 307. 1880.
Plants slender or robust, soft, rarely stiff, somewhat glossy in interwoven patches. Stems elongated, densely foliate, often densely and pinnately branched, erect or ascending; frequently cuspidate at tips; rhizoids few or absent. Leaves in several ranks, erect or erect-spreading, sometimes clearly secund, oblong-ovate or lanceolate, concave, cordate at base; leaf cells narrowly rhomboidal, mostly thick-walled, pitted, lumen narrower, smooth, rarely somewhat papillose in some cells; alar region consisting of one row of inflated, hyaline or yellowish cells, rarely deeply brown. Dioicous, rarely autoicous. Inner perichaetial leaves erect, sheathing at base, acute or acuminate above. Setae slender and elongate, usually mammillose above, rarely smooth; capsules erect or inclined, ovoid or cylindrical, apophyses short; exothecial cells sometimes mammillose; opercula conic, slenderly rostrate; peristome double; exostome teeth lanceolate, bordered, outer surface cross-striate below, papillose above, inner surface clearly trabeculate; endostome segments as high as the teeth, keeled, yellowish; basal membrane high; cilia simple, short, sometimes reduced. Spores variable in size, yellowish green, spherical, finely papillose.