Anoectangium Schwaegr., Sp. Musc. Frond. Suppl. 1(1): 33. 1811.
Plants small, tufted, yellow-green. Stems erect, sparsely and irregularly branched, sclerodermis present, central strand present; rhizoids moderately developed at base. Leaves lingulate to ovate-lanceolate, keeled, erect at base, appressed-incurved above when dry, spreading when wet, obtuse to acute; lamina unistratose; margins crenulate above, plane; costa percurrent, mucronate, guide cells and single (dorsal) stereid band present, ventral surface layer with 2–3 enlarged, smooth cells; upper cells quadrate to oblate, firm-walled, pluripapillose, papillae low, simple or granular, centered or scattered, occasionally fused into a single massive papilla, basal cells weakly differentiated, short-rectangular, firm-walled, hyaline, smooth, alar cells not differentiated. Dioicous. Perichaetia lateral. Setae elongate. Capsules ellipsoid; stomata in neck; opercula rostrate; annuli weakly vesiculose; peristome absent. Spores granulate. Calyptrae cucullate, smooth.