Home Moss Flora of China
Name Search
About
Moss Checklist
Moss Flora
Guide to Authors
Participants
Glossary
Cyrto-hypnum (Hampe) Hampe & Lorentz Search in The Plant ListSearch in Index Nominum Genericorum (ING)Search in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Botanische Zeitung (Berlin) 27(28): 455. 1869. (Bot. Zeitung (Berlin)) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/30/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 3/30/2009)
General Reference:

Notes     (Last Modified On 3/30/2009)
general taxon notes:
Cyrto-hypnum is mostly distributed in tropical and southern subtropical forests. Cyrto-hypnum minutulum (Hedw.) Buck & Crum is excluded from China. The previous report of this species in China (Redfearn et al. 1996) appears to be based on incorrectly identified specimens. This species is primarily a European and North American species (Crum & Anderson 1981). Ten species are recognized in this study, with three species newly reported from the country. Species distribution of the genus is concentrated in Yunnan, Taiwan, and Fujian provinces.
 

 

Export To PDF Export To Word

 

6. Cyrto-hypnum Hampe & Lor. 细羽藓属 xi-yu xian shu
Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 27: 455. 1869.
 
Plants slender, soft, yellowish green, olive green or dark green, rarely pale green, usually in lax patches. Stems creeping, ca. 2–3 cm long, rarely up to 5 cm long, irregularly pinnately to bipinnately branched; central strand usually present, rarely absent; paraphyllia densely or loosely growing on stems, sometimes also at the base of branches, rarely densely on branches, usually filamentous, ca. 1–5 cells long, rarely 10(–20) cells long, sometimes branched, apex acute, smooth or truncate, 2 or multipapillose; branches 3–5 mm long. Stem leaves remote, ovate, widely ovate to widely cordate or triangular at base, suddenly narrowed forming a lanceolate or slender apex, sometimes squarrose above, often slightly plicate; margins revolute at base or mostly revolute, serrulate or coarsely dentate, rarely entire; costa rigid, vanishing near leaf apex or 3/4 the leaf length, rarely rather weak, sometimes papillose on back, rarely hyaline; branch leaves ovate or widely ovate, rarely widely cordate to ovate-triangular, with short obtuse apex, rarely acute; leaf cells hexagonal, rounded hexagonal or rhomboidal; basal central cells mostly rectangular, thin- or slightly thick-walled, with single conical or fine papilla or multipapillae per cell. Autoicous or dioicous? Perichaetial leaves oblong, with long lanceolate apex, sometimes weakly plicate; margins entire or serrulate, rarely with several long or short hairs at the shoulder; costa sometimes excurrent forming a long hair. Setae orange red or orange yellow, slender, ca. 1.0–2.5 cm long, usually smooth or sometimes densely papillose or mammillose, rarely rough above; capsules ovoid or oblong-ovoid or shortly cylindrical, nearly horizontal to inclined; opercula conic, 0.5–1.0 mm long; peristome Hypnum-type; exostome teeth 16, mostly lightly yellowish brown, long lanceolate, hyaline above, densely papillose, transversally striate at base; endostome segments as long as the teeth, lightly yellowish, keeled, perforated; basal membrane ca. 1/2 the length of segments; cilia 1–3, nodulose, rarely rudimentary. Calyptrae cucullate, roughened at the apex. Spores 10–20 µm in diameter, smooth or finely papillose.
 
 

Export To PDF Export To Word
 
1. Cortical cells of stems and branches papillose; leaf cells with 3–8 minute papillae.............. 7. C. pygmaeum
1. Cortical cells of stems and branches smooth; leaf cells mostly with a single, sharp papilla, rarely with multipapillae....................................................................................................................................2
2. Paraphyllia densely growing on stems and branches, up to 10(–20) cells long; endostomal cilia mostly not developed (rudimentary)........................................................................................... 10. C. vestitissimum
2. Paraphyllia densely growing on stems and the bases of main branches, 2–8 cells long; endostomal cilia usually well developed....................................................................................................................3
3. The apical cells of paraphyllia acute; stem leaves usually shortly acuminate...................................4
3. The apical cells of paraphyllia usually truncate; stem leaves acuminate or lanceolate above..............5
4. Stem leaves mostly broadly ovate; setae smooth.................................................... 5. C. microphyllum
4. Stem leaves broadly ovate or triangular; setae rough above..................................... 6. C. minusculum
5. Leaf cells multipapillose................................................................................................................6
5. Leaf cells unipapillose................................................................................................................7
6. Margins of inner perichaetial leaves entire; setae smooth............................................ 8. C. tamariscellum
6. Margins of inner perichaetial leaves somewhat ciliate; setae densely papillose.............. 4. C. gratum
7. Stem leaf apices squarrose; setae only rough above...................................................2. C. contortulum
7. Stem leaf apices not squarrose; setae smooth or papillose................................................................8
8. Pseudoparaphyllia absent........................................................................................3. C. fuscatum
8. Pseudoparaphyllia growing at the base of branch...................................................................9
9. Stem leaves mostly cordate-triangular or broadly triangular; inner perichaetial leaves not ciliate...................
..............................................................................................9. C. versicolor
9. Stem leaves oblong-ovate, lanceolate toward apex; inner perichaetial leaves long ciliate above...................... .................................................................1. C. bonianum
 
 
© 2014 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110