Encalypta Hedw., Sp. Musc. Frond. 60. 1801.
Plants small to robust, tufted, yellowish green to greenish brown, brown below, often glaucous. Stems erect, irregularly branched, radiculose, sclerodermis present, central strand weakly differentiated or absent. Leaves erect or erect-spreading from a slightly clasping base when moist, folded and contorted when dry, oblong-ovate or lingulate; apices acute, muticous or apiculate; margins crenulate, plane or recurved; costa single, subpercurrent to short-excurrent, bulging dorsally, shiny or dull, smooth or variously papillose at back; upper lamina cells quadrate-angular, thick-walled, pluripapillose with coronate-digitate papillae on both surfaces, basal cells rectangular, longitudinal walls thin, hyaline or pale, transverse walls thickened and colored, basal marginal cells elongate, walls evenly thickened, alar cells not differentiated. Autoicous. Setae elongate, erect or curved, twisted. Capsules erect, cylindric, orange-brown to pale golden, urn smooth or furrowed; stomata superficial or indistinctly immersed; opercula conic-rostrate; annuli simple or complex, deciduous; peristome absent, single, or double, teeth narrowly triangular or filiform. Calyptrae long, campanulate-mitrate, pale, golden-yellow, lobed or fringed at base.