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Published In: Species Muscorum Frondosorum 298–299. 1801. (Sp. Musc. Frond.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 12/16/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Notes     (Last Modified On 12/15/2011)
general taxon notes:
There are about 20 species of Fontinalis in the world (Crosby et al. 2000). Two species are known in China. Fontinalis antipyretica var. gigantea (Sull.) Sull., F. hypnoides var. plicatus C. Gao, and F. squamosa Hedw. listed by Redfearn et al. (1996) cannot be confirmed at this time.


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2. Fontinalis Hedw.   水藓属   shui xian shu
Sp. Musc. Frond. 298. 1801. Pilotrichum sect. Fontinalis (Hedw.) Müll. Hal., Syn. Musc. Frond. 2: 148. 1850.
Plants slender, elongate, dark green, not or slightly glossy, in loose or dense mats. Stems simple below, irregularly branched or nearly pinnately branched above. Leaves arranged in 3 ranks, erect, obliquely patent or falcate, broadly ovate to narrowly ovate-lanceolate, obtuse, acute, short to long acuminate, nearly plane to strongly keeled, concave, sometimes cucullate at the apex, more or less decurrent, rarely auriculate at the base; margins entire, or serrulate at the apex; costae none; upper leaf cells oblong-hexagonal to linear, smooth; basal cells broader and shorter, porose and colored; alar cells sometimes distinctly differentiated. Dioicous. Perichaetia at the apex of short branches or main branches. Inner perichaetial leaves sheathing at the base. Setae very short; capsules immersed, ovoid, erect, symmetrical, smooth; opercula conic, shortly rostrate; annuli not differentiated; peristome double; exostome teeth 16, narrowly lanceolate, dark red or yellowish brown, mostly coarsely papillose, sometimes shorter than the endostome segments, or joined in pairs at the apex, keeled, perforate; endostome segments linear, yellowish brown. Calyptrae mitrate. Spores spherical, green, smooth or finely papillose.

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1. Leaves distinctly keeled, usually broadly obtuse at the apex.................................................... l. F. antipyretica
1. Leaves nearly plane, usually acute or broadly acuminate at the apex.......................................... 2. F. hypnoides
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