Mielichhoferia Nees & Hornsch., Bryol. Germ. 2: 179. 1831.
Plants small in loose or dense, usually yellowish tufts. Stems simple, forked, or sparsely and irregularly branched. Leaves erect to erect-spreading when wet or dry, ovate to linear-lanceolate; apices acute or acuminate; margins plane or narrowly recurved, usually serrulate; costa strong, subpercurrent to percurrent; cells smooth, firm or lax-walled, elongate-rhomboidal above, short-rectangular below, subquadrate at the basal margins. Dioicous (rarely paroicous). Perigonia and perichaetia lateral, paraphyses none or few. Setae elongate, flexuose. Capsules pyriform to subcylindric, erect to inclined, smooth, neck well-developed; stomata superficial; opercula conic-convex, apiculate; annuli compound, deciduous; peristome single or double (rarely absent), exostome of 16 linear teeth, endostome (when present) with basal membrane scarcely exceeding the capsule mouth and often fused to the exostome teeth, segments and cilia absent. Spores spherical. Calyptrae small, cucullate, smooth, naked.