Plaubelia Brid., Bryol. Univ. 1: 552. 1826.
Hyophilopsis Crum, Bryologist 68: 69. 1965.
Neohyophila Crum, Bryologist 68: 470. 1965 .
Plants small, dark-green above, green-blackish below. Stems often strongly rosulate, irregularly branched, sclerodermis and central strand present, sparsely radiculose. Leaves erect at base, tubulose, incurved or spreading when dry, wide-spreading when wet, spathulate to oblong, flat along the costa; apices apiculate, rounded or obtuse; margins plane or incurved, entire to weakly and distantly denticulate, not bordered; costa subpercurrent, percurrent to short excurrent, apiculate, guide cells present, ventral stereid band absent or present, dorsal stereid band well-developed, epidermal layer well-developed; upper cells bulging-mammillose on ventral surface, plane, smooth or papillose on dorsal surface, rounded quadrate to rounded-hexagonal, basal cells differentiated only at extreme base, short-rectangular, to rectangular, thin-walled. Dioicous. Perichaetia terminal. Setae elongate. Capsules cylindric; opercula conic-rostrate; annuli well-developed; peristome of 16 erect teeth. Calyptra cucullate.