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Taxiphyllum M. Fleisch. Search in The Plant ListSearch in Index Nominum Genericorum (ING)Search in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Die Musci der Flora von Buitenzorg 4: 1434–1438. 1922[1923]. (Musci Buitenzorg) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

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Notes     (Last Modified On 4/3/2009)
general taxon notes:
Taxiphyllum consists of some 30 species in the world. Fourteen species were reported or incidentally mentioned for China (Redfearn et al. 1996). Only seven species are treated here. The reports for Taxiphyllum alare, T. nitidium, T. pilosum, T. splendescens, T. squamatulum, and T. taiwanense cannot be confirmed, because no specimens have been verified.

 


 

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25. Taxiphyllum Fleisch.    鳞叶藓属    li ye xian shu
Musci Buitenzorg 4: 1434. 1923.
 
Plants soft to fairly robust, flattened, bright green, glossy, in close interwoven mats. Stems remotely to irregularly branched, branches flattened. Leaves nearly distichously arranged, oblong-ovate, shortly to slenderly acuminate at apex; margins serrulate; costae double, short or indistinct; leaf cells rhomboidal to linear, often prorate; apical cells shorter. Dioicous. Inner perichaetial leaves oblong-lanceolate, abruptly narrowed to a filiform apex. Setae elongate; capsules erect to horizontal, oblong-ovoid, with elongate necks; opercula long-rostrate; annuli persistent; peristome double; exostome teeth yellowish, cross-striate below, hyaline, papillose above, trabeculate on the inner surface; endostome segments pale yellowish, smooth, basal membrane high, cilia 2, nodulose, as long as the teeth. Calyptrae cucullate, smooth. Spores spherical, smooth or minutely papillose.
 
 

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1. Plants aquatic or in very damp places...................................................................6. T. inundatum
1. Plants on soil, rocks, humus, rotten wood or tree bases.................................................................2
2. Leaves closely complanate, firm...................................................................................................3
2. Leaves loosely complanate, flaccid...............................................................................................6
3. Leaves arcuate...................................................................................................3. T. arcuatum
3. Leaves not arcuate.......................................................................................................................4
4. Leaves strongly imbricate, ovate to oblong-ovate, rather abruptly acuminate; median leaf cells elongate-rhomboidal............................................................................................................. 2. T. aomoriense
4. Leaves loosely overlapping, broadly ovate with a short acumen or ovate-lanceolate with a long-acuminate apex; median leaf cells linear-rhomboidal.................................................................................. 5
5. Stem and branch leaves erect-spreading on both sides; leaf margins serrate above..........5. T. giraldii
5. Stem and branch leaves oblique-spreading on both two sides; leaf margins serrulate above.... 7. T. taxirameum
6.  Plants large, somewhat glossy; leaves loose, slightly overlapping; costae longer; median leaf cells 100–130 µm long; alar cells not differentiated.............................................................................. 1. T. alternans
6.  Plants small, glossy; leaves imbricate; costae indistinct; median leaf cells 85–100 µm long; alar cells differentiated, quadrate to shortly rectangular................................................................ 4. T. cuspidifolium
 

 

 
 
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