25. Taxiphyllum Fleisch. 鳞叶藓属 li ye xian shu
Musci Buitenzorg 4: 1434. 1923.
Plants soft to fairly robust, flattened, bright green, glossy, in close interwoven mats. Stems remotely to irregularly branched, branches flattened. Leaves nearly distichously arranged, oblong-ovate, shortly to slenderly acuminate at apex; margins serrulate; costae double, short or indistinct; leaf cells rhomboidal to linear, often prorate; apical cells shorter. Dioicous. Inner perichaetial leaves oblong-lanceolate, abruptly narrowed to a filiform apex. Setae elongate; capsules erect to horizontal, oblong-ovoid, with elongate necks; opercula long-rostrate; annuli persistent; peristome double; exostome teeth yellowish, cross-striate below, hyaline, papillose above, trabeculate on the inner surface; endostome segments pale yellowish, smooth, basal membrane high, cilia 2, nodulose, as long as the teeth. Calyptrae cucullate, smooth. Spores spherical, smooth or minutely papillose.